I. Setting- time and place in which the events of a story, novel, or play occur.
II. Characters- A. Protagonist—lead character in a story—most highly developed. B. Antagonist—character who opposes the protagonist (there may be more than one).
III. Conflict struggle between two opposing forces.
Conflict cont. A. External—when character struggles against an outside force. man vs. man man vs. nature man vs. society man vs. fate man vs. machine
Conflict cont. B. Internal—when character struggles with his/her own feelings.
IV. PLOT Structure --sequence of events in a story, novel, or play; each event causing or leading to the next.
Plot structure cont. A.Exposition —introduces characters, setting, and situation B. Rising Action —adds complication to the story C. *Climax —point of highest emotional involvement D. Falling Action —logical result of the climax E. Resolution—final outcome
V. *Climax the incident that serves as the turning point, where the action changes course and the resolution begins to take place. (At times this will be where the character realizes there is no possible resolution and he/she must come to terms with this).
VI. Point-of View relationship of the narrator or storyteller to the story.
Point-of View cont. A.First person —story is told by one of the characters (“I”) B. 3rd Person Limited —the narrator reveals the thoughts of only one character but refers to that character as “he or “she”. C. Omniscient —the narrator reveals the thoughts of several characters.
VII. Theme the main idea of a story, usually expressed as a general statement.
Theme cont. A. Stated—expressed directly B. Implied—revealed gradually through other elements