5 The Age of Absolutism CAUSES OF ABSOLUTE MONARCHY Acceptable Responses include:Religious and territorial conflicts created fearand uncertainty.• The growth of armies to deal with conflictscaused rulers to raise taxes to pay troops.• Heavy taxes led to additional unrest andpeasant revolts.Cultural DiffusionMention Benefits and Downside of Absolutismprotection, pride in country, filial loyaltyMonarch wants to expand = taxes and people to fight his wars
6 TTYN: Why was Spain the first European nation to emerge? The Age of AbsolutismSpain and the Hapsburg Empire1500s, Spain emerged as the first modern powerTTYN: Why was Spain the first European nation to emerge?Hint – Think about your American HistoryThe Age of Discovery
7 Christians Fight the Moors The Age of AbsolutismWhy Spain? A Look Back at the Crusades…Christians Fight the MoorsThe Crusades in Jerusalem was not the only place where Christians fought against Muslims.In Spain and Portugal, armed Christian warriors fought to drive the Muslim Moors out of their lands.The Moors population consisted of people from North Africa and Arab descent who settled in the lands of Spain for more than 800 years.
8 Muslim Control of Spain Weakens The Age of AbsolutismMuslim Control of Spain WeakensBy 1002 the once powerful Muslim government of Spain weakened due to battles for power between political and religious leaders.Caught up in fighting among themselves, Muslim leaders were too busy to guard against the Christian kingdoms of northern Spain..too busy fighting among themselves.
9 The Age of AbsolutismThe Spanish Reconquista (reconquest) was an effort to retake Spain from the Muslim Moors.At the time, Spain was divided into several small kingdoms:CastileAragonGranadaPortugal
10 The Age of Absolutism Reconquest Complete Christian armies won victory after victory. By the 1250s, the Moors were nearly pushed completely out of Spain and Europe.In Spain the celebration of 1492 is not for Columbus, but a celebration of the fall of Granada – the last hold that Muslims had on Spain.
11 Isabella and Ferdinand The Age of AbsolutismIsabella and FerdinandIn 1469 Ferdinand, the prince of Aragon, married Isabella, a Castilian princess.Ten years later in 1479, they became the king and queen of their countries.Together they ruled all of Spain as King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.They brought an end to the Reconquista when the last of the Muslims were forced from Granada.
12 Isabella and Ferdinand The Age of AbsolutismIsabella and Ferdinand
13 Isabella and Ferdinand The Age of AbsolutismIsabella and Ferdinand
14 The Age of AbsolutismA Christian StateFerdinand and Isabella only wanted Catholic Christians in their kingdom.TTYN: How might the Monarch within Spain go about creating a Christian State and one with only Catholics?To ensure that Christianity alone was practiced, they created the Spanish Inquisition – an organization of priests that looked for and punished anyone in Spain suspected of practicing non-Christian religions.
15 The Spanish Inquisition The Age of AbsolutismThe Spanish InquisitionFerdinand and Isabella chose Catholicism to unite Spain and in 1478 asked permission of the pope to begin the Spanish Inquisition to purify the people of Spain.They began by driving out Jews, Protestants and other non-believers.The Inquisition was run procedurally by the inquisitor-general who established local tribunals of the Inquisition. Accused heretics were identified by the general population and brought before the tribunal. The were given a chance to confess their heresy against the Catholic Church and were also encouraged to indict other heretics. If they admitted their wrongs and turned in other aggressors against the church they were either released or sentenced to a prison penalty. If they would not admit their heresy or indict others the accused were publicly introduced in a large ceremony before they were publicly killed or sentenced to a life in prison. Around the 1540s the Spanish Inquisition turned its fire on the Protestants in Spain in an attempt to further unify the nation. The Spanish Inquisition's reign of terror was finally suppressed in 1834.Inquisition - a judicial or official inquiry or examination usually before a jury; also : the finding of the jury