Presentation on theme: "Section 5 - Spain By: Justin Muhlbauer, Ali Bernstein, Kayla Hughes, Jackson Weaver, Ethan Merckx, and Ian Cunningham."— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 5 - SpainBy: Justin Muhlbauer, Ali Bernstein, Kayla Hughes, Jackson Weaver, Ethan Merckx, and Ian Cunningham
2 Graphic Organizer: Sensory Figure Prince Ferdinand of Aragon (Became a king)I hear cries from the Jews who had to be killed, and complaints from the Moors who want to stay under the law of the treaty that gave them religious freedom.I see my wife Isabella at my side as we marry in 1469 and unite Aragon and Castile to create Spain.I do many things to unite my kingdom. I have sent corregidores, or royal officials, to govern all of the towns, taken some nobles’ privileges, and set up special courts in the countryside.I say that the Jews who were forced to convert must be practicing their religion in secret, so I shall set up the Spanish Inquisition.I feel that in order to unite Spain, everyone must be Catholic. Jewish people and the Moors should be killed by the Spanish Inquisition, or they must leave the country.I think about how my now unified country is weaker due to all of the merchants and other important people left.
3 GovernmentIn 1479, Prince Ferdinand and Princess Isabella became king and queen and united their kingdoms into one country.In 1492, the last of the Moors had surrendered Granada to armies of Ferdinand and Isabella.They united their kingdoms into one countryTook away some rights of the noblesSent corregidores, royal officials, to townsSet up special courts in the countryside
4 ReligionSpain was united mostly by religion. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted all of Spain to be catholic so they could be truly united. The army of Spain killed thousands of Jews and made others convert.The king and queen thought Jews were secretly practicing their religion so they set up the Spanish Inquisition. The Inquisition tortured and burned thousands of people charged with heresy. Many Jews refused to convert so in 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella told the Jews to either convert or leave Spain with the latter occurring more often.Spain then told the Moors to leave the country. After they left, Spain became weaker economically because most professions were of different religions. Few trained Spaniards could take their place.
5 Technology/ WarfareTo control the nobles king and queen took away there privileges and that started a riotThey created more new learning methodsFerdinand and Isabella set up special courts along the countryside for the corregidores
6 Economy/Trade Spain was weaker than it has ever been before in life Doctors, educators, bankers, merchants, and artisan’s careers were limitedBecause a lot of people moved away with their jobs gone, their were few trained Spaniards to take their place
7 Legacies of the Spanish Monarchy The United Country of Spain:King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, known as the “Catholic Monarchs”, united Spain under the Catholic religion forcing the Muslims (Moors) and Jews to either convert or leave the country.The King and Queen signed a treaty with the Moors to take back Granada and make it part of the unified Spain.The Spanish Inquisition:A bad time historically for the Catholic Church in Spain because thousands of people were tortured and killed. The Spanish church (and the King and Queen) did not believe the recent converts were true Christians and accused them of being heretics. More than 2000 people were burned.Forced Muslims and Jews to convert to Catholicism or leave the country.From 1492 to 1990 Jews were not allowed in Spain until a law allowed both Jews and Protestants to have the same rights as Roman Catholics in Spain.Discoveries in the “New World:”The Queen sponsored Christopher Columbus’ expeditions to the “New World.”Moorish Architecture:Still exists in parts of Spain today as castles and fortresses throughout the country.