Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 6.5 THE LATE MIDDLE AGES"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 6.5 THE LATE MIDDLE AGES I. The Black DeathA. A Plague is a disease that spreads quickly and kills many people. The Black Death was a plague that spread throughout Europe and Asia in the late Middle Ages.B. Historians believe the Mongol Empire was partly responsible for the rapid spread of the plague because they opened up trade between China, India, the Middle East, and Europe. Rats carrying the plague were brought on trading caravans to Europe.
2 C. The first outbreak of the plague began in Caffa, a city on the Black Sea. D. About 38 million Europeans died of the Black Death between 1347 and The deaths of so many people damaged the economy. It weakened the feudal system.Interesting note: Some scientist today believe the BlackDeath might have not been Plague but a form of Ebola.
4 II. A Troubled Continent A. The Hundred Years’ War began after Edward III angered the French by declaring himself king of France in The first major battle of the war occurred at Crecy."...their horses stumbled among the stakes, and they were speedily slain by the archers." - FrenchDefeat at Crecy
5 BATTLE OF CRECY – RESULTS Can you figure who won? Notes you don’t have to copy just think about…KINGDOM OF ENGLANDKINGDOM OF FRANCECommander:King Edward IIIPhilip VI (wounded in action)Strength:4,000 knights7,000 longbowmen5,000 spearmenStrength6,000 Crossbowmen29,000 Knights and infantry soldiersCasualties:2 knights killed100 –300 soldiers killed11 Noblemen killed1,542 Knights killed12,300 Infantry killedThe English Longbow was a very deadly weapon!
6 THE ENGLISH LONGBOW A weapon that would change history…
7 The French charged into the English and Welsh Longbowmen Holding the high ground leading to a French slaughter. The entire French army was under constant arrow attack.
8 JOAN OF ARCB. A French peasant girl fought with the French army during the Hundred Years’ War. The English captured the girl and had her tried by the Inquisition. She was burned at the stake in She was known as Joan of Arc."...their horses stumbled among the stakes, and they were speedily slain by the archers." - FrenchDefeat at Crecy
9 BATTLE OF AGINCOURT 1415DECISIVE FRENCH DEFEAT AND ENGLISH VICTORY
10 RESULTS AT AGINCOURTEnglish archers (with the longbow) decimate the French attackers
12 English lands in pink / purple - French lands in Green English controlled lands at the height of their conquest
13 ENDSTARTLooking at the maps, infer which nation won the Hundred Years’ War.The Hundred Years’ War lasted more than 100 years (1337 – 1453)
14 C. The French finally defeated the English in 1453. D. After a civil war in England called the Wars of the Roses, Henry Tudor was crowned Henry VII.E. During the middle ages Muslims ruled most of Spain and Portugal (the Iberian Peninsula), the people of these countries were mostly Christians.F. Though the Muslims accepted the Jews and Christians, the Christians resented Muslim rule. The Reconquista was the Christians’ struggle to retake Spain and PortugalG. Princess Isabella of Castile married Prince Ferdinand of Aragon. As king and queen, they later united their two territories into one country called Spain.
15 H. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted all of Spain to be Catholic H. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted all of Spain to be Catholic. They wanted to get rid of the Jews and Muslims in Spain. The Spanish Inquisition was a religious court that tried people who were not loyal to the Catholic faith. In 1492, Jews were given a choice of converting or leaving. Ten years after Spain recaptured Granada from the Muslims in 1492, Muslims were expelled as well (Alhambra Decree).
16 Over time the Muslims lost land (green color)on the Iberian Peninsula