Presentation on theme: "The New Monarchs. Objectives: You will be able to identify how the New Monarchs embodied the ideas of Roman leaders In what ways did Ferdinand and Isabella."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives: You will be able to identify how the New Monarchs embodied the ideas of Roman leaders In what ways did Ferdinand and Isabella united Spain?
The New Monarchs were not the first kings, of course. But these new monarchswho lived around the same timeoffered their countries a guarantee of law and order
The New Monarch made use of Roman law They incorporated the will and welfare of the people They enlisted the support of the merchants and middle class They went a long ways in establishing European Nation-States
The New Monarchs came into power after a previous period of instability and warfare
The Inventions of Gunpowder, the pike and longbow made it possible for Kings to be less dependent on Knights on horseback
Now, Kings could hire mercenaries to supplement their armies. They did not have to give concessions to the powerful nobles.
After the Hundred Years War, England was troubled by the War of the Roses 1455-1487 The War was over different families wanting to take the throne One was the House of Lancaster, and the other York. Both had legitimate claims to the throne
The Red Rose was for Lancaster, and the White was for York
Henry VII finally gained power. He married Elizabeth of York, and the houses were united
Henry passed laws prohibiting nobles from having their own armies He created the Star Chamber to settle disputesbut he was the ultimate authority
Over time, the Star Chamber became a symbol of absolute authority
Henry VII always felt uneasy about his claim to the throne His son, Henry VIII, knew that it was necessary that he, too, have a son to prevent civil war
This is why his son, Henry VIII, would end up with six wives, in his effort to gain a sonsomething we will learn about shortly
In France, there was Louis XI The Spider He was called The Spider for his manipulative ways With force, cunning, and diplomacy, he brought order to France
He subdued the nobles and made their territories part of France
When Cardinal Balue defied Louis, he was sentenced to live in a cage
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