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The New Monarchs. Objectives: You will be able to identify how the New Monarchs embodied the ideas of Roman leaders In what ways did Ferdinand and Isabella.

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Presentation on theme: "The New Monarchs. Objectives: You will be able to identify how the New Monarchs embodied the ideas of Roman leaders In what ways did Ferdinand and Isabella."— Presentation transcript:

1 The New Monarchs

2 Objectives: You will be able to identify how the New Monarchs embodied the ideas of Roman leaders In what ways did Ferdinand and Isabella united Spain?

3 The New Monarchs were not the first kings, of course. But these new monarchswho lived around the same timeoffered their countries a guarantee of law and order

4 The New Monarch made use of Roman law They incorporated the will and welfare of the people They enlisted the support of the merchants and middle class They went a long ways in establishing European Nation-States

5 The New Monarchs came into power after a previous period of instability and warfare

6 The Inventions of Gunpowder, the pike and longbow made it possible for Kings to be less dependent on Knights on horseback

7 Now, Kings could hire mercenaries to supplement their armies. They did not have to give concessions to the powerful nobles.

8 After the Hundred Years War, England was troubled by the War of the Roses The War was over different families wanting to take the throne One was the House of Lancaster, and the other York. Both had legitimate claims to the throne

9 The Red Rose was for Lancaster, and the White was for York

10 Henry VII finally gained power. He married Elizabeth of York, and the houses were united

11 Henry passed laws prohibiting nobles from having their own armies He created the Star Chamber to settle disputesbut he was the ultimate authority

12 Over time, the Star Chamber became a symbol of absolute authority

13 Henry VII always felt uneasy about his claim to the throne His son, Henry VIII, knew that it was necessary that he, too, have a son to prevent civil war

14 This is why his son, Henry VIII, would end up with six wives, in his effort to gain a sonsomething we will learn about shortly

15 In France, there was Louis XI The Spider He was called The Spider for his manipulative ways With force, cunning, and diplomacy, he brought order to France

16 He subdued the nobles and made their territories part of France

17 When Cardinal Balue defied Louis, he was sentenced to live in a cage

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19 Ferdinand and Isabella

20 Ferdinand of Aragon married Isabella of Castile in Now there would be a united kingdom of Spain They toured their regions and promoted the unity of the Catholic Church in Spain

21 They completed the Reconquista, or conquering of the Moors The Moors, Spanish Muslims, were expelled from Spain

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27 They provided financial support for Columbus voyage in 1492

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30 They also expelled the Jews in 1492

31 Their goal was to create a Pure Catholic Spain A Spain without Jews or Muslims

32 The Spanish Inquisition begins

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34 There will be other inquisitions. The term inquisition will come to mean the Catholic Churchs clamping down on a certain religious group, a country, or an individual

35 Spain was the land of the crusade Crusade against Protestants Crusade against Jews Crusade against Muslims Crusade again South American Indians

36 The National character of Spain and the Catholic church become one

37 All these crusades gave Spain a common cause, but also a reputation as being closed off, forbidding, and backward

38 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor He lived after the time of the New Monarchsbut he represents a new monarch in the area of Germany and Eastern Europe

39 Ferdinand and Isabella were his maternal grandparents Charles Vs mother was Crazy Juana, who kept her husbands body with her for years after he died

40 He inherited lands from all his grandparents Such was his influence, that we will refer to him throughout this course as simply The Emperor

41 The Emperor

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43 He was a Hapsburg because that was his paternal Grandfathers name

44 Years of Genetic inbreeding produced a misshapen jaw that would be known as the Hapsburg Jaw

45 Charles V faced many threats in his lifetime The Hungary was invaded by the Turks, and faced defeat at the battle of Mohacs in 1526

46 Charles also faced the emerging Protestant Reformation

47 He tried in vain for 35 years to preserve the unity of his Hapsburg lands

48 He retired to a monastery and died, after dividing his Kingdom between his son and brother


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