Presentation on theme: "Do Now Share your timeline answers (page 34) Record at least three effects of the Reconquista with your table (use the book and you prior knowledge). Make."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now Share your timeline answers (page 34) Record at least three effects of the Reconquista with your table (use the book and you prior knowledge). Make corrections or add anything you’re missing.
Reconquistia1,000-1492 AD 1085 Castile won victory against the Moors and inspired other Christian kingdoms to fight. 1140 Portugal becomes an independent nation 1269 Reconquista was declared a success. Most of the Iberian Peninsula, except Granada, was under Christian control. 1479 Ferdinand and Isabella become king and queen of their countries and unify all of Spain. 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella conquer Granada Jews must convert or leave. Inquisition Columbus 700s-1,000s Muslims control most of Iberian Peninsula. Great time of scholarship. Some Christian kingdoms try to retake Spain. 1,100s Muslim unity begins to weaken Christians begin to question church teachings
Results of the Reconquista Effects of the Reconquista It created “Fueros”, gave Christian peasants permission to live in land deserted by Muslims so Christianity would spread Reinforced the Crusades Pope Urban II even told knight s in the Iberian peninsula to stay there and expel the Muslims. Catholicism becomes main religion of Iberia. Jews and Muslims are expelled and the Spanish Inquisition kills over 2,000 heretics. Begins Converting other cultures leading to the colonization of the Americas. Voyage of Columbus sponsored to celebrate victory over the Muslims in Granada.
10.5 Assessment #s 1b, 2a, 2b, 2c & 3 1b. Why did the church send priests and friars to find heretics? The Church thought heresy was a danger to the church and to Christians. 2a. Who did Spanish Christians try to drive out of their lands? Spanish Christians tried to drive Muslim Moors (and Jews) out of their lands. 2b. What was the purpose of the Spanish Inquisition? The purpose of the Spanish Inquisition was to find and punish non-Christians and heretics in Spain. 2c. How might Spanish history have been different if the Spanish had not defeated the Moors? Spain might have remained a Muslim country. There would have been no Spanish Inquisition or more religious tolerance would have existed in Spain or Europe all together. Columbus may not have “discovered” the “New World.” 3. How did kings and other rulers punish Jews in the Middle Ages? Rulers punished Jews by forcing them out of many countries including Spain.
Christians reactions to others Heretics – tortured, fined, imprisoned, killed. Moors – launched Reconquista, forced Muslims out of Spain Jews – forced out of many countries, persecuted
Essential Question: How did the Reconquista reshape religion on the Iberian Peninsula?
Spain Background The crossroads of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Spain under Muslim control since 711 Moorish Kingdom – Multicultural kingdom with religious tolerance: Jews, Christians (majority), & Muslims – Highly advanced Medieval civilization
Spain Background In the early 700’s AD Muslim invaders called Moors- from North Africa Built highly advanced cities such as Cordoba
Now that the Crusades are over, what do we do? I don’t wanna go back to my farm… Sweet… Let’s go fight the Muslims in Spain! We’ll get some more loot and get an indulgence for our sins!!!
Reconquista Efforts by Christian Kingdoms to reconquer Spain from the Muslim Moors began in 700s & ended in 1492. Increased religious devotion after Crusades Christian knights went to Spain to fight Muslims Led by Kingdoms of Aragon & Castile
Reconquista By the 1250s the Moors maintained only the southern tip of the peninsula- the kingdom of Granada The Alhambra- palace of the Moorish kingdom of Granada
Portugal & Spain Portugal split off in 1139 & formed kingdom Ferdinand of Aragon & Isabella of Castile married in 1469 and founded Spain Spanish Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand Very devout Catholic rulers
Ferdinand & Isabella Between 1482 and 1492, Isabella and Ferdinand waged the Granada War to conquer all of Spain and unite it as one Christian kingdom In 1492, they succeeded in defeating the last Moorish King, Boabdil At first the Catholic Monarchs allowed the Moors to worship and govern themselves Eventually they began requiring the Moors to convert to Christianity
Spanish inquisition Ferdinand & Isabella wanted only Christians in their kingdom… All other religions were forbidden. Goal was to remove heretics, all non-believers or anyone who opposed Church teachings. Frequently used torture to get confessions Led by Torquemada-Grand Inquisitor
Inquisition methods Under Torquemada, the Grand Inquisitor, the Inquisition sought to find these heretics To get these heretics to confess, inquisitors would employ threats and torture Thousands were tortured, imprisoned for life and/or burned at the stake in auto de fe (Act of Faith)
Spain a unified Catholic country The Inquisition and expelling of the Jews and Moors was so successful, that by the 1500’s, Spain was almost completely Catholic In the process, Isabella and Ferdinand became the most powerful kings in Europe