Aim: What are the effects of the Crusades in Spain?
Do Now (U6D9) February 10, 2014 Use your paragraphs from yesterday to describe one economic and one religious effect of the Crusades Homework: Study for your exam tomorrow.
PQ1 How did Spanish territorial control differ before and after the Crusades?
Spain and the Reconquista (Muslim land in Green)
Spain and the Reconquista (Only Muslim Kingdom is Granada)
Spain and the Reconquista Crusading spirit continued long after the Fourth Crusade in 1204 Spain controlled by Muslims since the Battle of Tours in 732 AD However, through war and conquest, by 1300, most of Spain was conquered for Christian kingdoms
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella In 1469, the marriage of royals from the two most powerful kingdoms of Spain opened the door for a final push to conquer all of Spain from the Muslims King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, which when married, unified Spain together
The Reconquista is Complete Muslims finally defeated in 1492 and driven from Spain The Reconquista is complete
PQ2 How did the control of Spanish King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella differ from Muslim rule?
Convivencia Under Muslim Rule (700-1400), Spain practiced the concept of convivencia, which means coexistence Relative time of peace between Muslim, Christian, and Jew in Spain After King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella took control in 1469, many Jews and Muslims converted to gain access to new jobs in the Spanish government There was worry that these conversos, or converts, were not truly Catholic
PQ3 How did Spain attempt to “re-Catholicize” Spain after King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella took control in 1469?
Spanish Inquisition Meant to ensure Catholic faith after Muslim control Affected many Jews and Muslim “conversos” whose faith was questioned Many new converts received better jobs Commissioned by Ferdinand and Isabella in 1478 Inquisitors were priests, and would travel from town to town and question Spanish Catholics on their faith Could be charged with heresy, or crimes against the church, and put on trial!
The Tribune Trial of the Inquisition Inquisition had a five step process Accusation Detention Trial Torture Sentencing
Result of the Inquisition Unified Spain under one religion (Catholic!) Migration out of Spain due to unfair trails “Brain-drain” Many Muslims and Jews left Spain and went to different parts of Europe