2 If you look for the worst in people and expect to find it, you surely will. ~ Abraham Lincoln
3 Overview Team leadership approach perspective A functional model of team leadershipDimensions of leadership on teamsCharacteristics of effective teamsStrategic leadership decisionsHow does the team leadership model work?
4 Team LeadershipMost popular & rapidly growing areas of theory and researchOrganizational groups composed of members who are:IndependentShare common goalsMust coordinate activitiesExamples:
5 Importance of Team Leadership Organizations are:Rapid organizational changesOrganizational team structureQuickly respond/ adapt to constant changes
6 Team Leadership Approach Description Effectiveness research (Parker, 1990)The use of teams has led to:Greater productivityMore effective use of resourcesBetter decisions & problem solvingBetter-quality products & servicesIncreased innovation & creativityIssuesTeam process is difficult to understandComplexLeader ineffectiveness is major obstacle to overall team
7 Critical Leadership Functions Facilitate the group in accomplishing its task(Task Function/Team Performance)Getting job done, making decisions, solving problems, etc.Ensure group maintenance and functioning(Maintenance Function/Team Development)Developing positive climate, solving interpersonal problems, satisfying members’ needs, etc.Interrelated
8 Team Leadership Model (Hill) Provides a tool for understanding the complex phenomenon of team leadership.Based on the functional leadership claim that the leader’s function or job is to:Monitor the teamThen to take whatever action is necessary to ensure team effectiveness
9 Dimensions of Team Leadership Leader: “medium”One who processes and acts on informationFunctionsMonitoring (objection mediation)Action taking (action mediation)Helps group form an organizing frameworkEffective team performance starts with a leader’s mental model of a situation
11 McGrath’s Critical Leadership Functions Effective team leaders:Analyze and balance the internal and external demands of the group and react appropriatelyModel incorporates two dimensionsAnalysis of situation (internal/external)Monitoring/ taking actionLeader or experienced team members can carry out functions
13 Dimensions of Team Leadership Monitoring:Leaders need to monitor both internal and external environmentsCreate an accurate model of team functioningSearch - seek out information to assess current stateStructuring - analyze, organize, interpret informationImprove information search by:Obtaining member feedbackEngaging in networking- outside the teamConducting team assessment surveysEvaluating outcomes
14 Dimensions of Team Leadership Action TakingInvolvesSelecting from competing courses of actionAssisting the team in developing an organization system that facilitates quality decision makingSkills of action mediationMaterial resources - Decision making & task accomplishmentPersonnel resources - Managing interpersonal relationsFor team success, leaders must:Remain open and objective in understanding and diagnosing team problemsSkillful in selection of appropriate action/inaction
15 Effective Team Characteristics (Hackman & Walton, 1986) Conditions of Group EffectivenessClear, engaging directionAn enabling performance situationGroup structure fostering competent task workOrganizational context supporting and reinforcing excellenceAvailable, expert coaching and process assistanceAdequate material resources
16 Effective Team Characteristics Larson & LaFasto, 1989 Clear, elevating goalInvolving or motivating goalsResults-driven structureMeet needs of group & accomplish team goalsCompetent Team MembersRight number & mix of membersInformed, educated, trainedUnified CommitmentInvolve members in all aspect of the process
17 Effective Team Characteristics Larson & LaFasto, 1989 Collaborative ClimateBased on honesty, openness, consistency & respectProblem focused, listen to each other, feel free to take risksStandards of ExcellenceFeel pressure to perform at their highest levelsPrincipled leadershipUnderstands and performs tasksExternal Support & RecognitionEnables group to become more effective and achieve performance goals
18 Team LeadershipEffective team leadership is related to team effectivenessLeader influences team through four sets of processes:Helps team understand the problemsHelps the team become cohesive & capableAffectiveHelps team handle stressful circumstancesCoordinationHelps coordinate the team’s activities by matching members’ skills or roles
20 Focus Model provides a cognitive map identify group needsoffers suggestions on appropriate corrective actionsAssists leader in making sense of the complexity of groupsProvides suggested actions to improve group effectiveness
21 What are the strengths of the team leadership approach?
22 What are the criticisms of the team leadership approach?