Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds"— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds
Chapter 6 Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds

2 Gross-Motor Development
Improved coordination and body control More control in leg and foot muscles

3 Fine-Motor Development
Finger dexterity and control Hand preference Build with blocks

4 Self-Help Skills Two-year-olds can undress themselves dress themselves
drink from a cup without help eat with a spoon begin toilet learning

5 Cognitive Development of Two-Year-Olds
The two-year-old’s cognitive development focuses on three main areas: language comprehension skills expressive language skills math readiness skills

6 Language Comprehension Skills
Language comprehension: a person’s understanding of language Follow directions Give answers to where questions Appreciate the difference between soft and heavy Understand words such as big and tall Start to understand words related to space

7 Expressive Language Skills
Expressive language: the ability to produce language forms Speech involving simple sentences There are two language strategies that are important when you work with two-year-olds. Feeding-in: you provide the child’s language Expansion: you expand the child’s language

8 Math Readiness Skills Math skills are developed as children interact with others and with objects. Size concepts Big Small Forms and colors Sort objects by shape and color

9 Social-Emotional Development of Two-Year-Olds
Social development Play next to each other, but not cooperatively Tend to be negative Can be very physical in their responses Are usually affectionate Emotional development Like to control their surroundings Are afraid of being hurt Show love and caring

10 Teaching Two-Year-Olds
Working with two-year-olds requires gentle and firm guidance flexibility and patience noise control from time to time adequate supervision a dramatic play corner some routine in their day


12 Gross-Motor Development
As a result of better coordination, three-year-olds are able to throw, jump, and hop catch large balls ride and steer tricycles walk heel-to-toe for four steps balance on one foot for up to eight seconds hop on one foot up to three times

13 Fine-Motor Development
The fine-motor skills of three-year-olds include using scissors to cut paper reproducing simple shapes manipulating blocks and puzzles

14 Self-Help Skills Three-year-olds become increasingly self-sufficient. They turn the water faucet on and off become better at dressing themselves are able to use knives during mealtime have almost full control over toilet routines

15 Cognitive Development of Three-Year-Olds
By the third birthday, the ability to think matures, improving language comprehension skills expressive language skills math readiness skills

16 Language Comprehension Skills
Understanding of language continues to grow in three-year-olds. They begin to understand the pronouns you and they. Space concepts become clearer. Toward Up Top Next

17 Expressive Language Skills
Children’s ability to produce language continues to increase. May use more than 900 words Improve grammar Understand the difference between past and present tense Understand possesive nouns Start to use question words Talk out loud to themselves

18 Math Readiness Skills Three-year-olds continue to learn concepts basic to math. Start to understand the following concepts: full less smaller empty Begin to develop counting skills Distinguish between one and many

19 Brainstorm Name some activities you can use with three-year-olds that might contribute to the development of their counting skills.

20 Social-Emotional Development of Three-Year-Olds
After the third birthday, children start to learn socially acceptable ways of expressing their feelings. Social development Emotional development

21 Social Development Social development during this age involves
using new ways to show concerns for others applying positive ways to get attention adjusting to new people more easily playing with, rather than next to, other children recognizing gender roles (behaviors that are expected of girls or boys)

22 Emotional Development
Emotional development involves strong visible emotions less frustration less likelihood to become angry when things do not go their way development of self-concept Self-concept: the way you see yourself

23 Teaching Three-Year-Olds
When teaching three-year-olds, you have to consider that they are happy, sociable, agreeable enjoy playing in groups of two or three like pretending are becoming increasingly independent

Download ppt "Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google