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Ages and Stages
INFANTS Under 24 months: one teacher to 4 children, no group larger than 8
TODDLERS 2 years old: one teacher to 7 children, no group larger than 14
4 YEAR OLDS ONE TEACHER TO 15 CHILDREN, NO GROUP LARGER THAN 30
5 YEAR OLDS ONE TEACHER TO 20 CHILDREN, NO GROUP LARGER THAN 35
TODDLERS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTWALK AND RUN STACK TOYS PICK UP SMALL OBJECTS FEED THEMSELVES WITH FORKS AND SPOONS HOLD CRAYON WITH FIST
3 YEAR OLDS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTRIDE TRICYCLE TAKE STAIRS USING ALTERNATING FEET RUN JUMP WITH BOTH FEET CATCH BALLS WITH ARMS EXTENDED HOLD CRAYON WITH FINGERS
4 YEAR OLDS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTDRESS AND UNDRESS CAN TIPTOE CAN WALK BACKWARDS CAN BALANCE ON A BEAM
5 YEAR OLDS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTSKIP ALTERNATELY THROW ACCURATELY CATCH WITH HANDS TIE SHOES (eye-to-hand coordination) USE HAMMERS, PENCILS, SCISSORS CAN COPY FIGURES CUT ON LINES AND PRINT LETTERS
TODDLER SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTRESPONDS TO PEOPLE SHORT ENVOLVEMENT CAN’T SHARE WANTS THINGS NOW IMITATES BEGINS PARALLEL PLAY
3 YEAR OLDS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTAWARE OF BOYS AND GIRLS TAKE SIMPLE DIRECTIONS FOLLOW SIMPLE RULES STRONG FEELINGS ABOUT HOME PARALLEL PLAY HAVE HARD TIME SHARING
4 YEAR OLDS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTBECOME MORE SELF-RELIANT PARALLEL PLAY HAVE IMAGINARY PLAY MATES SOMETIMES CAN SHARE
5 YEAR OLDS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTRIGID IDEAS ABOUT SEX ROLES KEEP BEST FRIENDS FOR SHORT TIME QUARREL OFTEN CAN SHARE CAN TAKE TURNS TEACHERS ARE IMPORTANT WANT TO BE FIRST
TODDLERS EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTCRY CAN’T CONTROL THEMSELVES SHOW AFFECTION NEED ROUTINES
3 YEAR OLDS EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTSHOW SOME SELF-CONTROL
4 YEAR OLDS EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTLIKE SURPRISES BEGIN TO HAVE A SENSE OF HUMOR FEAR THE DARK
5 YEAR OLDS EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENTEXPRESS FEELINGS CONTROL ANGER BETTER ARE LESS CONCERNED WHEN PARENTS LEAVE LIKE HUMOR AND NONSENSE WORDS KNOW RIGHT FROM WRONG
TODDLERS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTEXPLORE THE ENVIRONMENT UNDERSTAND OBJECT PERMANENCE LEARN LANGUAGE SAY NUMBERS AND COLORS,BUT DON’T UNDERSTAND
3AND 4 YEAR OLDS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTFOLLOW TWO INSTRUCTIONS ARE IMPULSIVE, MAKE MISTAKES RAPIDLY GROWING VOCABULARY USE NUMBERS WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING FANTASY IS THE SAME AS REALITY (CONTINUED…)
5 YEAR OLDS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTHAVE LONGER ATTENTION SPANS SERIATE 3-5 OBJECTS CAN GROUP OBJECTS (SIMILARITIES) ARE LESS IMPULSIVE KNOW REALITY VS FANTASY (CONTINUED. . .)
3 AND 4 YEAR OLDS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTCAN CLASSIFY (BUTTONS vs. BLOCKS) ASK WHY ARE EGOCENTRIC SERIATE 2 OBJECTS (FIRST AND LAST; BIG AND SMALL)
5 YEAR OLDS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTARE INTERESTED IN LETTERS AND NUMBERS KNOW COLORS FOLLOW 3 COMMANDS
Toddler uses spoon
Toddler responds to people
Toddler parallel play
Toddler parallel play
Toddler parallel play
Toddler object permanence
3 year olds learning shapes
3and 4 year olds social with parents
3 and 4 year olds hop on two feet
3 and 4 year olds friendships
3 and 4 year olds strong feelings about home
3 and 4 year olds impulsive, make mistakes
3 and 4 year olds hard to share
3 and 4 year olds catch with arms
3 and 4 year olds afraid of the dark
5 year olds cooperative play
5 year olds express feelings
5 year olds have an interest in letters
5 year olds use tools well
5 year olds click friendships
5 year olds cut well
5 year olds are interested in letters
5 year olds have sense of humor
5 year olds use tools
Bibliography Photos taken from various Scholastic Parent and Child Magazines
Physical Development of the Toddler
Body growth and development do not grow as quickly as the first year grow at different rates (height and weight) -heredity -environment.
Understanding two and three year olds
Chapter 11. Physical growth slows considerably after the first year. The childs physical skills improve dramatically from the first to the fourth birthday.
Providing Developmentally Appropriate Care to Pediatric Patients
Growing up!. Ages 0 – 6 months Turn their head toward sounds and movement Gradually holds own head up Watch an adult's face when feeding Smile.
Physical Development from Four to Six
Developmental Milestones Toddlers: 1 to 3 yrs.. Physical Development (Toddlers) Physical growth slows a bit 18 mos.- walks without help; builds tower.
Toddler Physical Development Motor Skills and Development.
I NFANTS I NFANT : I NFANT : C OGNITIVE, C OMMUNICATION, P HYSICAL, S OCIAL /E MOTIONAL Cognitive Development: Infants learn a tremendous number of skills.
Managing Life Skills pages Developmental Stages Humans develop in distinct stages. During each stage humans experience 5 different types of changes:
Physical Development in Early Childhood Dr. Linda Kight Winter.
PHYSICAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT FROM FOUR TO SIX By: Cassidy Pannell and Haylee Hazel.
Understanding Two- and Three-Year-Olds
TODDLER UNIT. Physical Development of Toddlers.
Understanding Two- and
Reflection #18 Reflection #18 Book #15 Book #15 Title: Miss Nelson is Missing Title: Miss Nelson is Missing By: Harry Allard & James Marshall By: Harry.
Teaching Preschoolers FCS Majors. Build a Portfolio:
LYNN VERMEIREN, LAUREN WALTHER, RYAN BOYER, LYNDA MASTERSON, ELIZABETH LANDAU Developmental Milestones 3-36 Months.
Early childhood Middle childhood Dr. Mohsen Lotfy Ahmed Developmental Psychology 33.
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