Presentation on theme: "The Play Years 1. Use Contents and Connection slide to locate different Child Development topics. 2. Use the arrows and home buttons to navigate. 3."— Presentation transcript:
The Play Years
1. Use Contents and Connection slide to locate different Child Development topics. 2. Use the arrows and home buttons to navigate. 3. Feel free to look around on the links and discover more information about young children.
* Complete the hand-out as you move through the presentation. *Be prepared to share a new idea or concept with the class.
Introduction Physical Development Intellectual Development Social – Emotional Development Early Childhood Development References
The years from age 2 – 6 Also called early childhood or the preschool period During this time in children’s life: PLAY IS THE WORK OF CHILDREN
During the play years, children become slimmer and the lower body lengthens and baby fat turns to muscle. Yes…these are my grandchildren ! Wondering if a child a healthy weight? Try this link Child Weight Chart
Children’s reduced appetite reflects their need for fewer calories Parents get worried and encourage their children to ”Eat all your dinner and then you can have ice cream”. Need for familiar routine or a demand for things to be “just right” Click here for tips on picky eaters
Language is the leading cognitive accomplishment during the play years. 24 months: short sentences and limited vocabulary 6 year old: ability to understand and discuss almost anything Click here to learn more about child language development
Overregularization: the preschooler’s tendency to overuse roles of grammar, which is itself a sign of verbal sophistication. Examples: Falled down, Hurted myself Foots, Tooths, Mouses, Broked it
Parents are the first teachers. All young children benefit from high-quality, regularly scheduled educational experiences. Click here to learn more about Parents as Teachers
The physical space and materials are organized in such a way that they lend themselves to self-paced exploration
Readiness programs that stress preparation for school, teaching children letters, numbers, shapes and colors Sit quietly, listen to the teacher and work in groups Structured, reinforcements Behaviorism inspired
Head Start – the most widespread early-childhood-education program in the United States Federally funded program that began in 1965 for low-income or minority children Improved self-esteem and social skills for both the children and their parent To learn more about Head Start Past, Present and Future click here
Safety Low adult/child ratio Positive social interactions among children and adults Well-trained staff Curriculum geared toward cognitive development rather than behavioral control Space that facilitates creative and constructive play Continuity
Emotional Regulation is the ability to control the expression of emotions, so sadness, fear, anger for example
Intrinsic Motivation – a child enjoys accomplishing something for the joy of doing it Extrinsic Motivation – a child does something to earn praise, avoid punishment or to be rewarded
Children create their own imaginative story and act out various roles and themes Girls are more likely than boys to engage in sociodramatic play
Play provides practice in *Emotional regulation *Empathy *Social understanding
Berger, K. (2008). The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence. New York: Worth Child Development Standards A5.0 Students understand important elements of a child’s physical, intellectual, emotional, and social growth and development: A5.2 Know the developmental stages of infants, toddlers, and children. A5.4 Relate the importance of learning environments, experiences, and interactions and their connections to each stage of physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development. The Link to CTE StandardsThe Link to CTE Standards is a PDF file … Go to page 98. Thank you!