2Main Idea Children from 4-6 grow and develop in many areas: Height & weightPosture & body shapeTeethMotor SkillsHand preference
3Height & Weight Growth slightly slower than from 1-3. Boys are usually slightly taller & heavier during this period. They average a height gain of 5 inches and an average of 10 lbs. in weight from ages 4-6.Average boy at 6 is 45.5” tall and weighs 46 lbs. Girls average 45.25” tall and weigh 44.5 lbs.
4Posture & Body Shape Between 4 & 7 posture changes noticeably Bodies are straighter & slimmerProtruding tummy flattensHold shoulders, back & upper body erectChest which was rounded, broadens and flattensLegs lengthen rapidly and neck gets longer
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7Teeth Permanent teeth begin to appear around age 6. Six year molars are the first to appearTwo molars on top and two on the bottomMolars are the anchors for the other teethPrimary teeth are lost in the same order they come in.
8Thumbsucking4-6 year olds still may suck their thumbs to comfort themselves or handle stress.Usually grow out of it. Try to ignore.After their fifth birthday may cause changes in the roof of the mouth and the way teeth line up.
9Gross (Large) Motor Skills Many must be taught.Very energetic and favorite things are usually physical.Speed and coordination improves each year and with practice.Provide lots of opportunities to improve.
10Fine Motor SkillsImproved Dexterity (ease and skill in physical activity)This improved dexterity allows them to do physical activities more easily.Starting to use their hands & fingers skillfully.Improved hand-eye-coordination helps them to do skills they already had better.
11What can 4’s do? Fine Motor Skills Gross Motor Skills Dress & undress selfHop on one footCut on a line with scissorsThrow a ball overhandCopy a circle & a crossAlternates feet walking up & down stairsLace shoes but not tie themWalks backward easily
12What can 5’s do? Fine Motor Gross Motor Draws a person with head, body, arms, & legsCan turn somersaultsPrints some lettersSkips with alternating feetButtons clothingBalances on each foot for a short period.Can copy a triangle & squareUses spoon & fork to eat but still uses fingers for some food
13What can 6’s do? Fine Motor Skills Gross Motor Skills Cuts, pastes, & colors skillfullyRide a two-wheeler with training wheelsWrites entire wordsJumps ropeTies shoelacesThrows & catches a ball with more ease and accuracy(this also requires fine motor skills & hand-eye-coordination)
14Hand Preference Some children show a preference after age 2 Others continue to switch off until about the second have of year 5.85% prefer right handFew are ambidextrous (ability to use both hands with equal skill).
15What to believe about hand preference. Some believe heredity is the sourceOthers think it is what hand the parents place things in during the early years.Some research links it to the areas of the brain controlling motor skills or languageWhatever the cause……..no reason to influence a child using one hand over the other.
16On the left side………..answer the following: What is the average gain in height for a boy from age four to age six?What are the first teeth that children get that are not replacements for their baby teeth?Why can it become a problem if a child continues to suck a thumb after his or her fifth birthday?
17And the answers are……. Average 5 inch height gain from age 4-6 6 year molars or “first molars”Can cause changes in the shape of the roof of the mouth or in the way teeth line up