2Bell ringerWhich of these drawings was made by a two year old?
3Physical Development of a two year old Top heavyCenter of gravity is focused downwardsCan usually run and jump without falling
4Gross motor development of two year olds Can sit on a riding toy and push by moving their feetEnjoying playing with ballsCan kick without fallingSometimes they fall when they throw them
5Fine motor development Hand preference is a new conceptWill eat with right but play with leftRapidly developingCan insert keys into locksTurn book pages one at a time
6Fine motor development Children will scribble at this ageBuild about six-seven block tall towers
7Self Help Skills Can drink from a cup or a glass Use spoon to feed themselvesHowever they may spill oftenCan revert back to using handsBegin to cooperate in dressingSnap pants okay
8Cognitive Development Language comprehensionUnderstanding of languageCan usually identify six body partsCan provide appropriate answers to yes and no questionsCan answer “where” and “what is this” questions
9Cognitive Development Expressive languageAbility to produce language formsExpress thoughts to anotherSpeech usually involves simple sentences“Bobby hurt”“I go home”
10At your table create an example of expressive language a two year old would say.
11How to aid in expressive language Feeding inStrategy where you provide the child’s language“You are playing with the blocks”Kind of like narrating their life
12How to aid in expressive language ExpansionAdding to their vocabulary by reframing what they sayIf they say “cars” you say “that is a blue car”
14Expressive languageAround months children may start to use prepositions “Cookies in jar”Average vocabulary is wordsOften they use words without fully understanding themGirls generally develop language skills faster then boys
16Math Readiness SkillsDeveloped as children interact with each other and objectsBegin to sort by color and shapeUnderstand size concepts“big vs. small”
17Social development of a two year old parallel playPlay next to each otherLike instant gratificationWhat does that mean?
18Physical in their responses May hit, push, or bite a child who approaches their childPossessiveUse body language to let people know how they feel about their possessionsWhat is being demonstrated during this video?
19Affectionate towards adults Enjoying helping adults Need to receive in returnEnjoying helping adults
20Emotional development of two year olds Like to control their surroundingsTrying to do a task that is to difficult may frustrate them and cause angerAnger not usually directed at one person or object
21Often are scared of getting hurt Fear is commonOften are scared of getting hurtSome fear has to do with their imaginationEven imagined fears are REAL to toddlers
22Need to build trust and security Routines help develop this
23Teaching two-year olds When guiding be firm but gentle“No” is their favorite wordMay say “no” but mean “yes”They are egocentricThey think everyone thinks, feels, and thinks like them
24Need lots of transition time High noise levelsGross motor activity is their favorite
25Like to act out of life experience or imitating What area of pre-school is best for this?
28Bell ringer: Put these three year old milestones in order: Hold crayon between thumb and fingerMagical Thinking occursImaginary friendAware of differences between themselves and others
29Imaginary friend 3 years Aware of differences betweenthemselves and others 3 1/4 yearsMagical Thinking occurs 3 1/2 yearsHold crayon between thumb and finger3 3/4 years
30Three Year Olds Physical Development Much better at body coordination Less top heavyThe are more streamlinedWalking appears more natural because they can walk without their legs spread apart
31Gross Motor Development Better coordinationThey can throw, jump, and hop without any difficultyThey now can climbCan ride tricycles
32Fine Motor Development Block towers are nine to ten blocks highCan draw simple shapesDemoCutting skills become more refinedCan cut across paper, but not follow lines
33Self help skills Turn on water facet by themselves Can transfer water to a pitcherMOST should be potty trainedBetter at dressing themselvesOpen buckles, put on shoes that do not tieStill not able to do small buttons and hooksHave issues telling the front of clothing from the back
34Cognitive Development Don’t fully understand time conceptsSolve simple problemsEx. Put an object under a cup and nothing under another cup the child will be able to tell you which object the cup is under
35Language comprehension skills Begin to understand pronounsYou, theyCan remember three part instructionsGo to the bathroom, wash your hands, and dry them on the towel
36Understand words like up, down, apart, Who, whose, why, how-Understand ideas like around, in front of, in back of, next to
37Construct a sentence using the vocabulary words that three year olds would understand
38Expressive language skills Know 900 wordsMake a sentence of 4-5 wordsMay even put a sentence together using a conjunction“I went to the store and bought candy.”
39Create a sentence that a three year old would say using a conjugation
40Understand possessive nouns My toy, Mommy’s carUnderstand the difference between past and present tenseDaddy walked, Mommy went,
41Start to question things Understand negativesCan’t, don’t, nothingI can’t go outsideStart to question thingsWhy does the dog bark
42Constantly talk out loud to themselves “Susie is taking a walk, I see a dog, I am tired, lets go home”Narrate their lives
43Math readiness skills Counting skills begin at this age A lot of the songs have to do with countingUnderstand the concept of full, more, less then, empty, largest (by month 42)Like to compare objects asking if things are bigger or smaller
44Can distinguish between one and many Pick out one piece of candy
45Social Development Like to help others Learning positive ways to get attentionAdjust to new people more easilyNot as possessive
46Start to learn gender roles What behavior is expected of boys and girls
47Emotional development Strong and visible emotionsWhen they are happy, you can tellWhen they are upset you can tellHowever they are beginning to understand ways to control emotionsWon’t hit as music as two-year olds, will use words to tell them that is their toy or to stop it
48Self concept is developed Affectionate and seek affection in return Still scared of imagined fears, not scared of things they knowThe darkLikely to become angry when things do not go their wayHowever they direct their anger at objects, not people
49Teaching three-year olds Happy, social agreeableEasy to pleaseEnjoy playing alone and with othersBecoming independent “I can do it”Need to show them you value their independence
50Create a venn diagram of two and three year old’s Include at least five things that are different about each ageInclude at least four things that are similarThis is an individual assignment
51When done, discuss similarities and differences at your table.
52At your table come up with a scenario describing a way a two year olds would act in pre-school and the way a three year old would actWe will share and guess which is which as a class.
53Example:Jeremy get’s angry when Ladonna is playing with a toy, he walks over and grabs the toy from her. Is Jeremy two or three?Which category of development does this fall under?
54Example:Cindy is done with her art project, she walks over to the sink to turn it on and wash her hands. Is Cindy two or three?What area of development does this fall under?