Presentation on theme: "PRESCHOOL DEVELOPMENT. Preschool Age Preschoolers are children ages 3-5 Most preschoolers will attend full time or part time preschool programs before."— Presentation transcript:
Preschool Age Preschoolers are children ages 3-5 Most preschoolers will attend full time or part time preschool programs before kindergarten http://extension.missouri.edu/p/GH6122
Physical Characteristics Gaining of strength and coordination Increased control of hand and use of fingers Gross motor skills include kicking, bouncing, and catching a ball Jumps, hops, and skips smoothly http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7UgnIpJOkU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7UgnIpJOkU http://extension.missouri.edu/p/GH6122
Fine Motor Skills Lacing shoes Stringing beads Hammers nails Cuts with scissors More hand control for writing Buttons and zips clothing Can dress themselves http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKFwH5QlYoY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKFwH5QlYoY
Toilet Training By preschool age, children should be potty trained completely They will need minimal assistance in toileting, bathing, and dressing
Intellectual Development Curiosity Cause and Effect Exploration Recognizes letters and numbers Awareness of alike and different Developing an awareness of time Recognizes and labels colors and shapes Will develop a preference for being right of left handed
Expressing Feelings Affectionate Developing a sense of humor Will begin to tell basic jokes like knock knock Easily encouraged or discouraged Intense feelings of joy, anger, fear and love May show off or demand attention
Play and Communication Engages in pretend play Begins to display self control Shares and takes turns Learns facts about themselves- age, name, gender Asking why/how come Able to resolve verbal conflicts with others Enjoys making up or telling stories http://extension.missouri.edu/p/GH6122
Preschool Play http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQb95itdoCM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQb95itdoCM
Types of Preschools Montessori Program Waldorf Approach High Scope Approach Bank Street Approach http://www.babycenter.com/0_the-top-preschool-programs-and-how-they- differ_64635.bc?page=3
Montessori Schools emphasize the importance and connection of all living things, and the need for each person to find meaningful work and his or her own place in the world Children learn about other cultures, animals, and plants in addition to reading, language, and mathematical skills Montessori programs encourage a child's sense of independence Children are always asked if they want to try a task, if they need help doing it, or if they feel they aren't ready.
Montessori Schools Special needs children thrive here, as well as children with ADD because it is so individualized and self-paced Another benefit is the cultural studies and diversity among children attending
Waldorf Approach It is made up of three parts- body, mind and soul Children are immersed in nurturing environments Children are encouraged to participate in creative play The environment is home-like and saturated with opportunities for creative play Wax molding, painting, baking bread, building boxes out of houses, dress up play, etc.
Waldorf Approach This approach involved more group play and centers as opposed to Montessori Any child can benefit from this approach, although it is not recommended for severely disabled children Waldorf is more structured than some other approaches such as Montessori
High Scope Approach based on the theory that children need active involvement with people, materials, ideas, and events the core belief is that children learn best by pursuing their personal goals and interests Shared control where adults and children learn together Supports independence and decision-making
High Scope Approach Computers are usually a part of the High Scope curriculum There are 58 points in the curriculum, including space, time, classification, music and movement This is an excellent program for children who need individual attention It was originally developed for at risk urban children Effective for children with developmental delays and learning disabilities
Bank Street Approach Child centered education They teach several subjects at once in groups Children learn in their own way, at their own pace They use toys that leave a lot to the imagination and have a very unstructured approach to learning
Activity Discuss with your group which school system you liked the best and why Create a Venn diagram comparing two ages of children Choose from infants, toddlers, or preschoolers You can include physical traits, fine motor skills or gross motor skills, or language and emotion, foods they eat, games they play, etc.