3 Religion & Reform Second Great Awakening: late 1700s thru mid-1800s Renewed religious interest, marked by revivalsBrings changes to American religion, education, literaturePeople try to form utopias
4 The Impact of ReligionLyman Beecher: CT minister who led temperance movementME & some other states outlaw manufacture & sale of alcohol
5 Changing Education Horace Mann: MA lawyer & leader of education reform 1839: MA founds the nation’s 1st state- supported normal schoolNew colleges & universities openEx: Oberlin College of Ohio (1833)Admitted both women & African Americans
6 Helping People with Disabilities Thomas Gallaudet: developed a method to teach those w/ hearing impairmentsOpened Hartford School for the Deaf in CT (1817)Samuel Gridley Howe: helped ppl w/ vision impairmentsPrinted books using BrailleHeaded the Perkins Institute (school for visually impaired in Boston)
7 Helping People with Disabilities (cont.) Dorothea Dix: schoolteacher who began visiting prisons in 1841Educated public about the poor conditions for prisoners & the mentally ill
8 Culture ChangesTranscendentalism: Stressed the relationship b/t humans & nature & the importance of the individual conscienceMargaret Fuller: Women’s rightsRalph Waldo Emerson: Overcome prejudiceHenry David Thoreau: Civil disobedience
9 Culture Changes (cont.) Other writers: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Walt Whitman, Emily DickinsonArt:Hudson River SchoolPrint-making (Nathaniel Currier, James Merritt Ives)
11 The Colonization Plan 1816: American Colonization Society formed Raised $ to send free African Americans out of the countryAcquired land in west Africa for a colony1822: 1st settlers arrive in Liberia1847: Liberia becomes independent country
12 Making the Case Against Slavery William Lloyd Garrison: MA abolitionist1831: started The Liberator newspaperCalled for an immediate end to slavery1832: started the New England Anti- Slavery Society1833: started the American Anti-Slavery Society
13 Making the Case Against Slavery (cont.) Sarah & Angelina Grimke: supported abolition & women’s rights1839: write American Slavery As It Is (firsthand stories of life under slavery)Harriet Beecher Stowe1852: publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin
14 African American Abolitionists Helped organize & lead the American Anti- Slavery Society, subscribed to The Liberator1827: Freedom’s Journal begunDavid Walker: publishes antislavery pamphlet1830: African Americans lead convention in PhillyStart African American college? Encourage free African Americans to move to Canada?
15 The Role of Frederick Douglass Ex-slave (escaped in 1838, bought his freedom in 1847)Joined Massachusetts Anti-Slavery SocietyGave antislavery speeches in U.S. & abroadEdited the antislavery newspapers North Star
16 Sojourner Truth Born a slave as Isabella Baumfree in NY Escaped in 1826; NY bans slavery in 1827Changes name in 1843Works w/ William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, etc.
17 The Underground Railroad Network of escape routesMost famous “conductor”: Harriet TubmanAs many as 100,000 slaves escape
18 Quiz Topics Second Great Awakening Temperance movement Thomas GallaudetTranscendentalismDorothea DixCivil disobedienceAmerican Colonization SocietyFrederick DouglassUnderground Railroad