Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Election of 1796 John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican) (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Election of 1796 John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican) (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Election of 1796 John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican) (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican)

2 The Election of 1796 John Adams John Adams Thomas Pinckney - VP Thomas Pinckney - VP Federalist Federalist Vice President for Washington Vice President for Washington Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr -VP Democratic- Republican Democratic- Republican Secretary of State Secretary of State

3 The Results Adams won the Presidency by 3 Electoral votes (71 to 68) Adams won the Presidency by 3 Electoral votes (71 to 68) Jefferson became the Vice President because he finished 2 nd in the Electoral voting Jefferson became the Vice President because he finished 2 nd in the Electoral voting

4 The Importance Peaceful transfer of political power from one person to another Peaceful transfer of political power from one person to another Electoral College process did not anticipate the formation of political parties Electoral College process did not anticipate the formation of political parties President and Vice President were of differing political parties President and Vice President were of differing political parties (In Amendment #12 would correct this by requiring electors to cast separate ballots for President and Vice President) (In Amendment #12 would correct this by requiring electors to cast separate ballots for President and Vice President)

5 Adams’ Presidency Major Event – the XYZ Affair Major Event – the XYZ Affair Undeclared naval war between US & France Undeclared naval war between US & France Adams sent US delegation to France to negotiate a settlement Adams sent US delegation to France to negotiate a settlement French ministers known as “X”, “Y” & “Z” demanded Americans pay them bribe money for the privilege of negotiating French ministers known as “X”, “Y” & “Z” demanded Americans pay them bribe money for the privilege of negotiating US refused – “Millions for defense, not one cent in tribute” US refused – “Millions for defense, not one cent in tribute”

6 Alien and Sedition Acts Series of 4 laws Series of 4 laws To protect US against French infiltration To protect US against French infiltration To allow Federalists to limit the role of the Democratic-Republicans To allow Federalists to limit the role of the Democratic-Republicans

7 Naturalization Act Increased the time for becoming a citizen from 5 to 14 years Increased the time for becoming a citizen from 5 to 14 years

8 Alien Act Authorized President to deport Aliens considered “dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States” Authorized President to deport Aliens considered “dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States”

9 Alien Enemies Act Allowed the President during wartime to arrest, imprison or deport all aliens from an enemy nation Allowed the President during wartime to arrest, imprison or deport all aliens from an enemy nation

10 Sedition Act  Allowed that a person could be fined and jailed if found guilty of sedition, or “combining and conspiring to oppose the execution of the laws, or publishing false, scandalous, or malicious writings against the President, Congress, or the government of the United States.”

11 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson Written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson Declared that the states had entered into a “compact” with the national government and if any act of the national government broke the compact, the state could nullify the federal law Declared that the states had entered into a “compact” with the national government and if any act of the national government broke the compact, the state could nullify the federal law 1 st expression of States’ Rights – Theory of Nullification that would eventually lead to Civil War 1 st expression of States’ Rights – Theory of Nullification that would eventually lead to Civil War

12 Controversy faded Federalist lost majority in Congress in 1800; Democratic-Republicans allowed Alien and Sedition acts to expire Federalist lost majority in Congress in 1800; Democratic-Republicans allowed Alien and Sedition acts to expire The Supreme Court would claim the right of the Court to declare federal law unconstitutional (1803) The Supreme Court would claim the right of the Court to declare federal law unconstitutional (1803)

13 Election of 1800 John Adams John Adams Charles Pinckney - VP Charles Pinckney - VP Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr - VP

14 The Results Jefferson defeated Adams Jefferson defeated Adams Electoral vote was a tie between Jefferson and Burr Electoral vote was a tie between Jefferson and Burr House of Representatives took 36 ballots to break the tie and voted Jefferson the 3 rd President of U.S. House of Representatives took 36 ballots to break the tie and voted Jefferson the 3 rd President of U.S.


Download ppt "Election of 1796 John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican) (Federalist) (Democratic-Republican)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google