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Published byAubrey Gilbert Modified over 7 years ago
John Adams’ Presidency 1797 - 1801 Chapter 9.5
Election of 1796 ► First election with Political Parties Groups that elect candidates & influence govt. policy ► John Adams = President ► Thomas Jefferson = Vice President
► Federalist Party : Popular in New England, Strong Federal Govt., Led by Hamilton, Elected John Adams as President ► Democratic-Republican Party : Popular in South & West, States Rights, Led by Jefferson, James Madison, Aaron Burr First 2 Party System
Adams as President ► Respected but unpopular ► Maintained peace despite calls for war ► Built a large U.S. Navy
X Y Z Affair (1798) ► French privateers attacking U.S. ships ► Adams sent diplomats to Paris to improve relations between our countries ► Diplomats were told that France would not negotiate unless the U.S. paid a bribe & $12 million loan! ► Federalists call for war, Adams pursues peace
Alien & Sedition Acts ► Federalist Congress wanted to silence their critics. ► Passed a law that allowed President to deport any foreigner & jail those who criticize the Govt.
Republican Response ► Violated the 1 st Amendment! ► Jefferson & Madison wrote Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions Said Acts were unconstitutional States could ignore Federal laws that violated their rights ► Congress agreed to repeal them
Election of 1800 Federalists Adams & Pinckney Republicans Jefferson & Burr VS
Revolution of 1800 ► Refers to the Election ► 1 st transition of Power between 2 political parties. ► Was peaceful = US has stability
► Jefferson & Burr tied in Electoral Vote = House of Reps. Voted 36 times ► Jefferson won, Burr became VP ► Congress passed the 12 th Amendment = creates separate ballots for Pres. & VP
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