Reform= change for the better… Economically, Politically, Socially and Culturally.
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Reform= change for the better… Economically, Politically, Socially and Culturally
Second Great Awakening Movement that said people had individual responsibility rejected predetermination Ideas spread through revivals –religious meetings that lasted 4-5 days Mormonism Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Additional book(Book of Mormon) Practiced Polygamy Relocated to Utah(1847)
Literary Movement Emphasized a simple life and connection with nature Believed in civil disobedience – peacefully disobeying or breaking laws
Word “Utopia” means perfect place Stressed self sufficiency Did NOT last long
Prisoners were physically punished Criminals and mentally ill people were housed together Public hospitals est. 1845-1852 for mentally ill- Dorthea Dix Prison reformers stressed rehabilitation penitentiary = place of repentance
Before 1850- one-room schools, physicals punishment and poorly trained teachers were usual After 1850, each state provided some form of free public elementary schools Improvements came first in the North East- the south and west lagged behind
Abolition= get rid of slavery After 1830’s, anti-slave movement gets stronger Underground railroad ….A series of “safe houses” that helped slaves escape from the South to the North Rebellions begin in the South- caused stricter controls on slaves
In Antebellum U.S. women could not: Vote Sit on juries Earned ¼ of what men did for the same job-and their money belonged to their husbands Cult of Domesticity “a woman’s place is in the home
Temperance Movement Prohibited drinking of alcohol 1848-Seneca Falls Convention in Seneca Falls, NY Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments – declared that all men and women are created equal.
Owners hired single women so they could pay them low wages(pg 262) Women faced poor working conditions and 17 hour days.