Presentation on theme: "The 1 st Great Awakening 1730’s – 1740’s Many early American religious groups in the Calvinist tradition had emphasized the deep depravity of human."— Presentation transcript:
The 1 st Great Awakening 1730’s – 1740’s Many early American religious groups in the Calvinist tradition had emphasized the deep depravity of human beings and believed they could only be saved through the grace of God by extreme devotion. In America – Quakers, Anglican, Congregationalists (Puritains) 1 st Great Awakening – Rebellion against these forced religions.
1 st Great Awakening During this the people of the American colonies realized that they could worship the way they wanted. Local govts could no longer force by law how a person worships. (think Salem witch trials) Some historians believe that the 1 st Great Awakening led to the Revolutionary War
New revival of religious feelings What causes revival of religion? Early 1730’s & 40’s – 1 st Great Awakening ○ What caused the 1 st Great Awakening? 1820’s to 1860’s – 2 nd Great Awakening ○ What was going on during this period? ○ Why would people turn to religion during this period?
2 nd Great Awakening religion The new evangelical movement placed greater emphasis on humans' ability to change their situation for the better. The Second Great Awakening embraced a more optimistic view of the human condition. So what does this mean?
New time religion Evangelists Everyone can be “saved” New sects The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (nicknamed the Mormons) formed Baptists and Methodists grow in popularity
Reforming society Public school Immigration drives the desire for public school ○ Why? Public schools are opened in the northern states. ○ Why are there no public schools in the south? Horace Mann – leader in the education movement
Prison Reform Mentally ill are given their own facilities Pennsylvania System – complete solitary confinement Auburn system – prisoners worked together in complete silence during the day and slept in their own cell at night
Temperance Movement The attempt to end alcohol and the problems caused by it
The Seneca Falls Convention was the first woman's rights convention. It was revolutionary because these women took a step outside of their sphere and brought the problem of woman's rights to the public. They took the first step of trying to change woman's inequality by holding this convention to make people aware of woman's rights.
The Seneca Falls Declaration (1848) “we hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness…. And such is now the necessity which constraints [women] to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. “ Declaration of Sentiments Seneca Falls, July 1848 17
Abolition Movement This movement to end slavery in America picks up steam during this this time but we are going to save this topic for next the next unit (sorry)