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   Second Great Awakening: religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation and the need for personal and social improvement.

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Presentation on theme: "   Second Great Awakening: religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation and the need for personal and social improvement."— Presentation transcript:

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3   Second Great Awakening: religious movement in which individual responsibility for seeking salvation and the need for personal and social improvement was emphasized  Rejected the idea of predestination  Promoted individualism and responsibility Aim: How did religion spark reform in American society?

4   Second Great Awakening:(cont.)  Revivalism: emotional meetings designed to awaken religious faith through passionate preaching and prayer  Ex: Charles Grandison Finney Aim: How did religion spark reform in American society?

5   Second Great Awakening:(cont.)  Enslaved African- American embrace Christianity  Baptist and Methodist churches were open to both blacks and whites  Free African-Americans establish churches  Richard Allen-Bethel African Church in Philadelphia Aim: How did religion spark reform in American society?

6   Reform of Asylums and Prisons:  Dorothea Dix:  Reported on the inhumane conditions in prisons and asylums  Result:  1843-laws passed at improving conditions  1845-1852: Helped to set up hospitals for the mental ill  Focused on rehabilitation Aim: How did religion spark reform in American society?

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8   Rural Slavery:  Large plantation lifestyle  Endless labor  Strict conditions  Unskilled work  Urban Slavery:  Growth of cotton industry created a demand for slaves  Skilled laborers Aim: How did the abolitionist movement attempt to eliminate slavery?

9   Nat Turner’s Rebellion:  Preacher that spurred on rebellion  1831- Turner attacked four plantations with 80 men  Result:  Rebellion put down by federal and state troops  Turner caught and put to death  Strengthened southern resolve to control their slaves Aim: How did the abolitionist movement attempt to eliminate slavery?

10   Abolitionist Movement:  A call to outlaw slavery  William Lloyd Garrison:  Editor of The Liberator  Called for emancipation (free of the slaves with no payment to slaveholders)  New England Anti- Slavery Society  National Anti-Slavery Society Aim: How did the abolitionist movement attempt to eliminate slavery?

11   Abolitionist Movement: (cont.)  David Walker  Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World 1829  Fight for freedom rather than waiting for slave owners to end slavery Aim: How did the abolitionist movement attempt to eliminate slavery?

12   Abolitionist Movement: (cont.)  Frederick Douglass:  Hoped political action could abolish slavery  The North Star Aim: How did the abolitionist movement attempt to eliminate slavery?

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15   Role of Women mid-1800’s:  Cult of domesticity  Focus on home and family  Activities restricted to housework and child care  No right to vote  No right to sit on a jury Aim: What role did women play in reforming American society in the 1800’s?

16   Women and the reform movement:  Sarah and Angelina Grimke-Abolitionists  An Appeal to Christian Women of the South  Raised money, literature, petitioned Congress  Temperance Movement:  An effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol Aim: What role did women play in reforming American society in the 1800’s?

17   Women and the reform movement: (cont.)  Education:  Emma Willard- Troy Female Seminary 1821  Mary Lyon-Mount Holyoke Female Seminary 1837  Health:  Elizabeth Blackwell-New York Infirmary for Women and Children Aim: What role did women play in reforming American society in the 1800’s?

18   Women’s Rights Movement:  Seneca Falls 1848:  Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott  Declaration of Sentiments- statement of grievances  Modeled after the Declaration of Independence Aim: What role did women play in reforming American society in the 1800’s?


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