Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Government and Politics of South Africa From Apartheid to where?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Government and Politics of South Africa From Apartheid to where?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Government and Politics of South Africa From Apartheid to where?

2 Tribalism English Dutch [Boers] Xhosa Zulu Tswana Other


4 History Khoisan and Bantu peoples there when first Europeans arrived Portuguese created trading posts in 1550s 1652 Dutch East India Company set up provisioning station in Table Bay 1657 farms allocated, slaves brought from East Africa and E.Indies to work them By 1700 settlement moving into mountains. Smallpox decimated Khoisan

5 History 2 1770s onwards increasing clashes with Bantu 1795 British occupied Cape, reoccupying it in 1806 Emancipation of slaves followed. These became the “coloureds” and included substantial numbers of Muslims [E.Indies] 1820 many British settlers in Eastern Cape [a Plantation scheme to relieve pressure in GB Natal followed as place of settlement

6 History 3 Boers also expanding and in 1830s, Great Trek to escape British rule This and the British move into Natal brought contact with the Zulu nation Roots of later apartheid began in Natal with sugar plantation economy. Indian labour brought in. Gandhi began his passive resistance campaign in Natal

7 History 4 Mineral wealth discovered in late 19 th century Independent Boer Republics of orange Free state and Transvaal had most of it So Brits invaded [liberated?] Boer War 1899-1902 “a white man’s war” 1910 Union of South Africa set up as a self-governing dominion Whites-only franchise except Cape

8 History 5 ANC founded 1912. APO had been founded 1902 Communist Party 1921 Nationalist party 1914 broke away from ruling South Africa party 1934 all white parties combined to form United Party but NP then broke away 1948 NP won general election. apartheid followed

9 Apartheid Pass laws already existed Racial separation enforced Created townships. Whites wanted blacks to do work but live somewhere else “separate but equal” development Disguised land grab. Black “homelands” developed and 4 made independent


11 The struggle against apartheid 1950s non-violent struggle PAC broke away in 1959 1960 Sharpeville massacre 69 PAC demonstrators killed by police State of emergency introduced, black political leaders detained Black political organisations banned. Leadership went underground or into exile

12 Struggle 2 ANC military wing formed Mandela and others arrested 1963 1970s Biko and the Black Consciousness movement. Biko killed in jail 1976 and through the 80s school boycott United Democratic Front Mass Democratic Movement and COSATU emerged as legal institutions 1979 Inkatha and Buthelezi

13 End of apartheid 1990 onwards release of prisoners, particularly Mandela April 1994 free and fair election. ANC won 62%. NP 20% and won western Cape due to coloured votes, IFP 10% mostly in Kwa Zulu Natal. Mandela became President Truth and Reconciliation Committee under Tutu

14 Govt system Parliament [National assembly] 350 -400 members elected by PR 1999 elections: ANC 266, DP 38, IFP 34, NNP28 UDM 14 National Council of the Provinces: sort of Upper House. Provinces more or less a federal system President elected from national assembly



17 Maps of variables explaining voting patterns in 2000 ojects/geog413/2002/hallka/project.html ojects/geog413/2002/hallka/project.html

18 Challenges Employment Education Townships Boer hardliners PAC hardliners on land issue Can a proper two party sytem be created that doesn’t revert to tribalism?

Download ppt "The Government and Politics of South Africa From Apartheid to where?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google