Presentation on theme: "Some, any, no, every and compounds"— Presentation transcript:
1 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsSome, any, no, every and compounds
2 With countable nouns we can use a/an and some. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsWith countable nouns we can use a/an and some.Ex: Sue has got a book/ some books about ancient Egypt.With uncountable nouns we cannot use a/an and some.Sue has got some money to go on holiday this year.Could I have some information?
3 Some and any Some food } money Any water people films Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSome and anyapplesSome food} moneyAny waterpeoplefilmsSome e any exprimem uma quantidade indeterminada.Aplicam-se a substantivos incontáveis e a substantivos contáveis no plural.
4 But we can use some in a question if it is an offer or a request. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSome is used in positive sentences. Any is common in questions and negatives.Ex: We’ve got some juice, but we haven’t got any glasses. / Have you got any cups?But we can use some in a question if it is an offer or a request.Ex: Could I have some more tea, please?
5 She has some good news for you. I need some tomatoes for the pizza. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsShe has some good news for you.I need some tomatoes for the pizza.Can I have some milk, please?Could I borrow some toothpaste?Do you want some more milk?Usa-se some em:a) sentenças afirmativasb) perguntas das quais se espera uma resposta afirmativa. É o que acontece quando se faz um pedido ou uma oferta.
6 "I'll make some more coffee." Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSamples"I'll make some more coffee.""That's not necessary There's still some coffee in the coffee pot."No, the coffee-pot is empty.There isn't any coffee left."Where are the eggs I boughtyesterday?""I think there are some eggs in the fridge.Some e any podem ou não vir seguidos de um substantivo.Neste caso, o substantivo, que já terá sido mencionado anteriormente, fica oculto.
7 I didn't see any teachers at the party. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsI didn't see any teachers at the party.Have you read any good books lately?Usa-se any em:a) Sentenças negativasb) PerguntasNotas: Any também é usado em sentenças que contenham palavras negativas, tais como never (I've never read any books by Hemingway.), without (She did her homework without any help from her parents.) e hardly (I have hardly any money at the moment.)Usa-se any antes de um substantivo contável singular em sentenças afirmativas com o sentido de 'qualquer' (Any child can solve that problem.)Em orações condicionais iniciadas por if é mais frequente o uso de any do que de some (If you have any questions, please raise your hands.).
8 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsNo, noneSamplesThey aren't any tickets left. = There are no tickets left.I didn't buy any meat = I bought no meat.No é usado em sentenças cujo verbo esteja na forma afirmativa e é equivalente a (any) nenhum.
9 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsNo and none are used with both countable and uncountable nouns. Also, they are used in negative sentences with the verb in the positive form. Note that different from what happens with no, the pronoun none can never be followed by a noun, given it functions as one. At last, the expression “none of” must be followed by a noun and a verb in the singular form, preferably.1. None é usado tanto para substantivos contáveis quanto para incontáveis2. Tal como no, none é usado em sentenças negativas com o verbo na forma afirmativa.3. Sendo none um pronome substantivo, nunca pode haver um substantivo mediatamente após ele.Nota: None of + substantivo plural vem seguido de um verbo no singular em linguagem formal. Em inglês coloquial, porém, usa-se normalmente o verbo no plural.
10 "How many sandwiches did you eat?" "I ate none. I was not hungry." Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSamples"How many sandwiches did you eat?" "I ate none. I was not hungry.""How much juice did she drink?" She drank none. She was not thirsty."None of the boys know(s) the teacher's questions.
11 Ex: Someone is waiting for you. They have been waiting for some time. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsWords like everyone, anything, etc., are called indefinite pronouns. They refer to people, things, or places without saying exactly who, what or where they are. Indefinite pronouns are followed by a singular verb, but we refer back to them in a sentence with them/ they/ their.Ex: Someone is waiting for you. They have been waiting for some time.Someone phoned, and I told them you were out.1. Os pronomes compostos de -body ou -one se referem a pessoas.2. Someone e somebody são usados em sentenças afirmativas e em perguntas feitas na expectativa de uma resposta afirmativa.3. Anyone e anybody são usados em sentenças negativas e em perguntas. Em sentenças afirmativas, significam 'qualquer um'.4. No one e nobody são usados em sentenças afirmativas com sentido negativo.5. Everybody e everyone podem ser usados em sentenças afirmativas, negativas ou perguntas.
12 Someone is ringing the bell. Can you ask somebody the help. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSamplesSomeone is ringing the bell.Can you ask somebody the help.Has anybody seen my umbrella?There wasn't anyone I knew at the party.Anybody can do that.No one would refuse such an offer.Everybody knows he is a criminal.Not everybody in her family was happy in her marriage.Did you talk to everybody at the reception?1. Os pronomes compostos de -body ou -one se referem a pessoas.2. Someone e somebody são usados em sentenças afirmativas e em perguntas feitas na expectativa de uma resposta afirmativa.3. Anyone e anybody são usados em sentenças negativas e em perguntas. Em sentenças afirmativas, significam 'qualquer um'.4. No one e nobody são usados em sentenças afirmativas com sentido negativo.5. Everybody e everyone podem ser usados em sentenças afirmativas, negativas ou perguntas.
13 He said something about his uncle, but I don't remember what it was. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsHe said something about his uncle, but I don't remember what it was.Do you want to drink something?When you leave the classroom, don't leave anything under your desks.Is there anything I can do for you, sir?She will do anything to save her son's life.The drawer was empty. There was nothing in it.Did you bring everything with you? The photos, the documents, etc?I've lost everything!He can't do everything by himself.1. Os pronomes compostos de -thing referem-se a coisas.2. Something é usado em sentenças afirmativas e em perguntas feitas expectativa de uma resposta afirmativa.3. Anything é usado em sentenças negativas e em perguntas.Em sentenças afirmativas significa 'qualquer coisa'.4. Nothing é usado em sentenças afirmativas com sentido negativo.5. Everything pode ser usado em sentenças afirmativas, negativas e perguntas.
14 Where are my keys? They have to be somewhere in this room. Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsWhere are my keys? They have to be somewhere in this room.Isn't he working somewhere in the north at the moment?I've been looking for Tommy for hours. He is not anywhere here.Are you going anywhere tonight?Anywhere he goes he makes trouble.I can find peace nowhere.Love is everywhere.Glasses like these are not found everywhere, madam.Did you look everywhere?a) Os advérbios compostos de -where referem-se a lugares.b) Somewhere é usado em sentenças afirmativas e em perguntas feitas na expectativa de uma resposta afirmativa.c) Anywhere é usado em sentenças negativas e em perguntas.Em sentenças afirmativas, significa 'qualquer lugar'.d) Nowhere é usado em sentenças afirmativas com sentido negativo.e) Everywhere pode ser usado em sentenças afirmativas, negativas e perguntas.
15 Summary Affirmative sentences and yes-no questions Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsSummaryAffirmative sentences and yes-no questionsNegative sentences and ordinary questionsAffirmative sentences meaning it doesn’t matter who, what, which or whenAffirmative sentences with negative meaningAffirmative, negative or interrogative sentencesPeoplesomebody/ someoneanybody/ anyonenobody/no one/ noneeverybody/ everyoneThingsAnythinganythingnothingeverythingPlacesanywherenowhereeverywhere
16 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsExercisesRewrite each sentence so that it has a similar meaning and contains the word in bold.Example: The box isn’t empty.SomethingThere is something in the box.All the people were dancing.everyoneb) I feel annoyed.somethingc) We haven’ got any food.nothingd) The office is empty.No one
17 Possible answers All the people were dancing. everyone Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsPossible answersAll the people were dancing.everyoneEveryone was dancing.b) I feel annoyed.somethingSomething annoys me.c) We haven’ got any food.nothingThere is nothing to eat.d) The office is empty.no oneThere’s no one in the office.
18 a) How many have you done? b) What did he want? c) What did he say? Some, any, no, every and compoundsInglêsGive short answers to the following questions. Use nobody, nowhere, nothing or none.a) How many have you done?b) What did he want?c) What did he say?d) Who has she been going out with?e) Which of them did she choose?f) Where’s he gone?g) How much did you pay?h) Who are you looking at?i)How many prisoners escaped?j) What’s that?
19 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsCheck out the lyrics of the song “No one” by Alicia Keys metrolyrics.com to see the use of some indefinite pronouns:“Everything’s gonna be alright(...) No one (x3) Can get in the way of what I’m feeling I know some people search the world To find something like what we have I know people will try Try to divide Something so real So till the end of time I’m telling you that No one (x3) Can get in the way of what I’m feeling…”
20 Some, any, no, every and compounds InglêsFor more information on Indefinite Pronouns and for further practice go to:1)2)3)