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Presentation on theme: "Unit 8: CELEBRATIONS."— Presentation transcript:



3 OVERVIEW Pronunciation /fl/ - /fr/ - /θr/ Grammar:
Pronouns one(s), someone, no one, anyone, everyone.

4 PRONUNCIATION /fl/ /fr/ /θr/

5 flower fly

6 fry fruit

7 threatened three

8 Practise reading aloud this sentences
I’m afraid there’s a fly in your fruit cake. He keeps throwing flowers through the windows. Three of my friends flew to Frankfurt yesterday. They bought some frozen food from the supermarket. The river flows through the centre of three cities.

9 Exercise: write the words in the task above which contain sounds /fl/ - /fr/ - /θr/
Fly Flower Flew flow Afraid Fruit Friend Frankfurt Frozen from Throw Through three /fl/ /fr/ /θr/

10 GRAMMAR Pronouns One(s) Someone No one Anyone Everyone

11 One(s) One: replaces a single countable noun
E.g: “Can get you a drink?” “It’s OK. I’ve already got one.” Ones: replaces a plural noun E.g: I think his best poems are his early ones.

12 One(s) Ones: prefers thing to people Ones in the phrases means people
The little ones (= small children) (your) loved ones (= usually close family) (one of) the lucky ones Ones in comparative e.g: Older students seem to work harder than younger ones.

13 One(s)  One/ones: not used for: Replacing a uncountable noun
e.g: I like brown bread but not white. Following nouns which are used as adj e.g: I thought my key was in my trouser pocket, but it was in my coat pocket.

14 One(s)  One/ones: not used for:
Following my, your,…; some, any, both or a number e.g: Take your coat and pass me mine. (NOT … pass me my one)

15 One(s) One/ones: can be left out Following which
e.g: When we buy medicines, we have no way of knowing which (ones) contain sugar. Following superlative e.g: Look at that pumpkin! It’s the biggest (one) I’ve seen this year.

16 One(s) One/ones: can be left out:
Following this, that, these, those; either, neither, another, each, the first/ second/ last,… E.g: Would you like some grapes? These (ones) are the sweetest, but those (ones) taste best.

17 One(s) Ones: can not be left out
Following the, the only, the main, and every E.g: When you cook clams you shouldn’t eat the ones that don’t open.

18 One(s)  Ones: can not be left out - Following adj (- colour adj)
E.g: My shoes were so uncomfortable that I had to go out today and buy some new ones. “Have you decided which jumper to buy?” “Yes, I think I’ll take the blue (one) .”

19 Someone/ No one/ Anyone/ Everyone
Some & someone, somebody, something Any & anyone, anybody, anything No & no one, nobody, nothing Every & everyone, everybody, everything

20 Some & someone, somebody, something
“Some” is used: In positive sentences e.g: They bought some honey.

21 Some & someone, somebody, something
“Some” is used: In invitation, suggestion or request. e.g: Would you like some wine? Could you do some typing for me?

22 Some & someone, somebody, something
Someone, somebody, something: used like “some” E.g: Someone/ Somebody gave me a ticket for the pop concert.

23 Any & anyone, anybody, anything
“Any” is used: In negative sentence: e.g: I don’t have any match. With hardly, barely, scarely and without e.g: He crossed the frontier without any difficulty.

24 Any & anyone, anybody, anything
“Any” is used: In questions (- questions use “some”) e.g: Do you have any money? After if/whether e.g: If you need any more money, please let me know.

25 Any & anyone, anybody, anything
Anyone, anybody, anything: used like “any” e.g: Do you want anything from the chemist?

26 No & no one, nobody, nothing
“No”: used with positive verbs to express the negative meaning. e.g: I have no apples. (= I don’t have any apples)

27 No & no one, nobody, nothing
No one, nobody, nothing: also used like “No” e.g: No one/ Nobody has ever given me a free ticket for anything.

28 Every & everyone, everybody, everything
“Every”: used for indicating any thing, any people. e.g: We watch TV every day.

29 Every & everyone, everybody, everything
Everyone, everybody, everything: used for indicating all people, all things. E.g: I bought everything you wanted.

30 Notes Someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, no one, nobody: used in possessive form. e.g: Someone’s passport has been stolen.

31 Notes Someone, anybody, no one…  they, them, their
e.g: No one saw Tom go out, did they?

32 Notes Something, anything, nothing…  it
e.g: Something went wrong, didn’t it?

33 Exercise 1 Choose the correct word or phrase:
We arranged the meeting, but ………… came. (no one/ anyone) We don’t think there’s ……………… wrong with her reading ability. (anything / something) no one anything

34 Exercise 1 3. ……………… is knocking the door. (One / Someone)
4. Does …………… want a drink? (one / anyone) 5. “Have you got a radio?” “No” “You should buy …………” (something / one) one Someone anyone

35 Exercise 2 Correct the mistakes you can find in these sentences.

36 Exercise 2 When I arrived, I didn’t see somebody there. Everyone had gone home. Of the two shirts, I prefer the white ones. Nobody want to stay home on such a lovely summer day. anyone one ones somebody

37 Exercise 2 4. He didn’t want something to do with the arrangements for the party. 5. I couldn’t fit all the boxes in the car, so I have to leaves ones behind and pick it up later. 6. There was hardly no one on the beach. It was almost deserted. anything one anyone ones something no one


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