FORM OF THE PRESENT PERFECT THE PRESENT PERFECT USES THE AUXILIARY HAVE AND THE PAST PARTICIPLE I HAVE FINISHED MY WORK SHE HAS BEEN TO CHINA. HAVE YOU SEEN MY PEN? THE PRESENT PERFECT USES THE AUXILIARY HAVE AND THE PAST PARTICIPLE I HAVE FINISHED MY WORK SHE HAS BEEN TO CHINA. HAVE YOU SEEN MY PEN?
FORM: THINGS TO NOTE THE AUXILIARY HAVE CHANGES FORM: I HAVE, YOU HAVE, WE HAVE BUT HE HAS, SHE HAS, JOHN HAS
USING CONTRACTIONS IN THE PRESENT PERFECT I’VE = I HAVE YOU’VE= YOU HAVE HE’S = HE HAS SHE’S = SHE HAS WE’VE = WE HAVE THEY’VE = THEY HAVE
PRACTICE USING CONTRACTIONS WE HAVE JUST SOLVED THE PROBLEM. We’ve just solved the problem. SHE HAS NEVER BEEN TO FRANCE. She’s never been to France. THEY HAVE BEEN MARRIED FOR 5 YEARS. They’ve been married for 5 years. YOU HAVE SEEN THAT MOVIE. You’ve seen that movie.
THINGS TO NOTE THE PAST PARTICIPLE IS FORMED IN REGULAR VERBS BY ADDING -ED IN IRREGULAR VERBS THE WHOLE FORM CHANGES SEE, SAW, SEEN DO, DID, DONE EAT, ATE, EATEN
INDEFINITE TIME IN THE PAST DURATION OF AN ACTION OR STATE FROM PRESENT TO PAST FOR SINCE
TIME SIGNALS FOR INDEFINITE TIME recently JUST ever LATELY YET ALREADY NO TIME SIGNAL
EXAMPLES OF INDEFINITE TIME You have seen that movie. He has just finished his project. The books have not arrived yet. They have already eaten lunch. I have never met her husband. Have you ever tasted sushi?
EXTRA PRACTICE WITH INDEFINITE TIME Excuse me, but (we meet) ? You look familiar. I’m not hungry. I (just have) lunch. How many people (you invite) to the party? Can you let me in? I (forget) my key. have we met ‘ve just had have you ‘ve forgotten
DURATION OF TIME Use for an action, event, or state that started in the past but continues (or can continue) into the present Used most often with I’ve been on the phone for 10 minutes. I’ve been on the phone since 8 o’clock. How long have I been on the phone? for how long since
DURATION OF TIME – TIME SIGNALS for since 10 o’clock this morning Tuesday A long time years …the past year …many years so far
USING FOR AND SINCE Use for oWoWith an amount (length) of time ……for a year…for 3 hours ……for 2 days…for a long time Use since oWoWith a specific moment in time ……since 1995 …since I woke up ……since last Tuesday …since 8 a.m.
DURATION OF TIME EXAMPLES I’ve known her for many years. She has been waiting here for over an hour. They have been in Canada for the past ten years. He has owned his home since 1995. She has taught here for many years. She has not seen him in ages.
PRACTICING THE PRESENT PERFECT I (wait) for the bus for 20 minutes! What (do) to my hair? It’s awful! I can’t go to the party with you. I ( finish) my homework. Where is Marc? He (go) shopping for Food. How long(you work) here? have been waiting have you done haven’t finished ‘s gone have you worked
PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT WITH FOR AND SINCE James has not seen his brother ten years. We have had an Internet connection last September. She has had that cough 2 weeks. Louis has played the piano he was a child. I haven’t seen Claire she graduated. I have not slept well last Friday. since for since for