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FLOOR PLAN BASICS. Learning Targets Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Identify factors to.

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Presentation on theme: "FLOOR PLAN BASICS. Learning Targets Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Identify factors to."— Presentation transcript:

1 FLOOR PLAN BASICS

2 Learning Targets Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Evaluate the various activity zones in a home. Identify factors to consider when evaluating a floor plan. Identify factors to consider when evaluating a floor plan. Analyze the advantages and drawbacks of various floor plans. Analyze the advantages and drawbacks of various floor plans.

3 Floor Plan A diagram that shows the arrangement of rooms. A diagram that shows the arrangement of rooms. Presented as if viewed from above. Presented as if viewed from above. Includes information about size & location of: Includes information about size & location of: Walls Walls Doors Doors Windows Windows Stairs Stairs Closets Closets Cabinets Cabinets

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5 Activity Zones Private: space for sleeping, relaxing, bathing, dressing, etc. Private: space for sleeping, relaxing, bathing, dressing, etc. Ex: bedrooms, bathrooms Ex: bedrooms, bathrooms Service: where household work is done. Service: where household work is done. Ex: laundry room, workshop, garage, kitchen? Ex: laundry room, workshop, garage, kitchen? Social: part of the home for activities and entertainment Social: part of the home for activities and entertainment Ex: living, dining, family, & recreation rooms, hallways, deck/patio etc. Ex: living, dining, family, & recreation rooms, hallways, deck/patio etc.

6 Types of Floor Plans Open Open Few dividing walls separate rooms Few dividing walls separate rooms Spacious Spacious Flexibility for entertaining Flexibility for entertaining Closed Closed Walls separate rooms; self- contained Walls separate rooms; self- contained Greater privacy Greater privacy Better zone separation Better zone separation

7 Open or Closed?

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9 Evaluating Floor Plans Zones Zones Traffic Patterns Traffic Patterns People should be able to walk freely from room to room People should be able to walk freely from room to room Hallways should be as short as possible Hallways should be as short as possible 3-4 ft. for circulation 3-4 ft. for circulation Size & Shape of Rooms Size & Shape of Rooms Economy of Construction Economy of Construction Place areas of plumbing back to back Place areas of plumbing back to back Useable Wall Space Useable Wall Space Not broken by doors & windows Not broken by doors & windows Storage Storage

10 Floor Plan Options One-Level One-Level Two-Level Two-Level Split-Level Split-Level Split-Entry Split-Entry

11 Terms to Know Blueprint Blueprint Architectural/construction drawing Architectural/construction drawing Architectural Symbols Architectural Symbols Shorthand that uses symbols to represent structures and furnishings Shorthand that uses symbols to represent structures and furnishings Scale Drawing Scale Drawing Drawing done on graph paper where each square represents a specific measurement Drawing done on graph paper where each square represents a specific measurement Template Template Cutouts of furnishings that can be traced onto a scale drawing Cutouts of furnishings that can be traced onto a scale drawing

12 ARRANGING FURNITURE

13 Learning Targets Understand common blueprint symbols. Understand common blueprint symbols. Understand clearance space. Understand clearance space. Create functional furniture arrangements. Create functional furniture arrangements. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings.

14 Arranging Furniture Consider Structural Features Consider Structural Features Don’t block doors, windows, vents, or outlets Don’t block doors, windows, vents, or outlets Determine the function of the room Determine the function of the room Activities that take place in the room Activities that take place in the room Create functional groupings Create functional groupings Place pieces together that meet one purpose or activity Place pieces together that meet one purpose or activity

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16 Arranging Furniture Arrange your major furnishings first Arrange your major furnishings first then, accessorize! then, accessorize! Divide large rooms into functional areas Divide large rooms into functional areas Use furniture as dividers Use furniture as dividers Create a focal point Create a focal point

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18 Arranging Furniture Consider traffic patterns Consider traffic patterns Logical and Convenient Logical and Convenient Walk easily from place to place Walk easily from place to place Consider standard clearance space Consider standard clearance space Furniture styles should be consistent with the style of the home Furniture styles should be consistent with the style of the home

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20 Arranging Furniture Avoid placing large furniture pieces on diagonals Avoid placing large furniture pieces on diagonals Wasted spaced Wasted spaced Consider design elements & principles Consider design elements & principles Consider views from one part of the home to another Consider views from one part of the home to another Use groupings to direct attention toward or away from certain views Use groupings to direct attention toward or away from certain views

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22 Arranging Furniture Use open planning techniques Use open planning techniques Make small rooms appear larger Make small rooms appear larger Be careful not to Be careful not toovercrowd!

23 SCALE DRAWING BASICS

24 Learning Targets Understand various types of architectural drawings. Understand various types of architectural drawings. Understand common blueprint symbols. Understand common blueprint symbols. Use proper clearance space on a scale drawing. Use proper clearance space on a scale drawing. Create functional furniture arrangements. Create functional furniture arrangements. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings.

25 Terms to Know Blueprint Blueprint Architectural/construction drawing Architectural/construction drawing Architectural Symbols Architectural Symbols Shorthand that uses symbols to represent structures and furnishings Shorthand that uses symbols to represent structures and furnishings Scale Drawing Scale Drawing Drawing done on graph paper where each square represents a specific measurement Drawing done on graph paper where each square represents a specific measurement Template Template Cutouts of furnishings that can be traced onto a scale drawing Cutouts of furnishings that can be traced onto a scale drawing

26 Drawing to Scale Various Scales Various Scales 1”=1’ 1”=1’ 1/2”=1’ 1/2”=1’ 1/4”=1’ 1/4”=1’ A 1/2 inch scale means the drawing is one-half the size of the object it represents A 1/2 inch scale means the drawing is one-half the size of the object it represents The smaller the scale, the more general the information The smaller the scale, the more general the information

27 Using Graph Paper 1/4” = 1’ 1/4” = 1’ Therefore, each square represents 1 ft. Therefore, each square represents 1 ft. If your measurements are given in inches, convert to feet by dividing the number of inches by 12 If your measurements are given in inches, convert to feet by dividing the number of inches by 12 Ex: 36 inch = 3 ft. Ex: 36 inch = 3 ft. Draw a line that covers 3 squares Draw a line that covers 3 squares How would you draw 6.5 ft.? How would you draw 6.5 ft.?

28 Starting to Draw Outline dimensions of the room first Outline dimensions of the room first Add structural details (windows, doors, closets, outlets, etc.) by using the blueprint symbols Add structural details (windows, doors, closets, outlets, etc.) by using the blueprint symbols Add large furniture first, then smaller furniture & accessories Add large furniture first, then smaller furniture & accessories Consider Clearance Space Consider Clearance Space Label Traffic Patterns Label Traffic Patterns

29 OTHER DRAWINGS

30 Learning Targets Understand various types of architectural drawings. Understand various types of architectural drawings. Understand common blueprint symbols. Understand common blueprint symbols. Use proper clearance space on a scale drawing. Use proper clearance space on a scale drawing. Create functional furniture arrangements. Create functional furniture arrangements. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings. Complete a scale drawing of a room and its furnishings.

31 Professional Drawings Elevations Elevations Show vertical surfaces as if viewed by someone standing on the ground or floor. Show vertical surfaces as if viewed by someone standing on the ground or floor. See page 473 in your textbook See page 473 in your textbook Pictorial Pictorial Shows several surfaces in the room simultaneously Shows several surfaces in the room simultaneously One or Two Point One or Two Point See page 481 in your textbook See page 481 in your textbook

32 Professional Drawings Rendering Rendering Shows realistic details such as textures, shadows, shadings, and colors Shows realistic details such as textures, shadows, shadings, and colors See page 482 in your textbook See page 482 in your textbook Overlay Overlay Sheet of transparent material that is placed over a basic drawing. Sheet of transparent material that is placed over a basic drawing. Can show alternative color schemes, furniture arrangements, etc. Can show alternative color schemes, furniture arrangements, etc.


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