Presentation on theme: "Power Presentations CHAPTER 27. Image America in the World The year is 1941, and the American naval base at Pearl Harbor has been bombed. Now the United."— Presentation transcript:
Image America in the World The year is 1941, and the American naval base at Pearl Harbor has been bombed. Now the United States has joined the Allies in World War II. The Allies face dangerous opponents in leaders such as Hitler, Mussolini, and Tojo. You must do your part to help defeat them. Would you risk your life to fight against dictators?
What threat do dictators pose to the world? What would you be willing to sacrifice to defeat dictators?
To World 1945 United States drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Image 1944 Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. 1941 Japan bombs American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 1940 Roosevelt is elected to a third term. 1936 Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a second term. 1935 Congress passes first Neutrality Act. 1932 Franklin Roosevelt is elected president.
Back to Home Back to U.S. 1945 Germany and Japan surrender. 1944 Allies invade Europe at Normandy. 1943 Soviets defeat Germans at Stalingrad.1939 Germany invades Poland. 1937 Japan invades China. 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia. 1931 Japan invades Manchuria.
Main Idea Why It Matters Now The rise of dictators in Europe and Asia led to World War II. Aggressive rulers still threaten peace today.
What events led to U.S. participation in World War II? 1931 Japan invades Manchuria. 1938 Munich Conference 1939 Germany invades Poland. 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
Who were the main Axis powers? Who were the main Allied powers? Why was Hitler unable to conquer Great Britain? What event prompted U.S. entry into the war?
Back to Home Analyzing Causes Why do you think dictators such as Hitler and Mussolini were able to gain such power in the years before World War II? Think About the peace treaties of World War I the worldwide depression
Main Idea Why It Matters Now The Allies defeated the Axis powers in Europe and Africa. During World War II, the United States assumed a leading role in world affairs that continues today.
What were the key battles and events that led to the Allies’ victory in Europe? Battle of Alamein: Allies begin to push Nazis out of Africa. Battle of Stalingrad: Soviets turn the tide against the Nazis. Invasion of Sicily: Allies begin drive toward Germany in central Europe. D-Day: Allies invade Europe. VICTORY IN EUROPE
How did the United States build an army for the war? Why did the Allies try to conquer North Africa before attacking southern Europe? Why was the Battle of Stalingrad considered the turning point of the war in the east? Map
Back to Home Supporting Opinions How might the war have been different if Hitler had decided to fight alongside the Soviet Union instead of against it? Think About the difficulties of fighting a two-front war the resources of Germany and the Soviet Union
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Since the war, the United States has continued to play a major role in Asia. After early losses, the Allies defeated the Japanese in the Pacific. Map
What events led to the U.S. defeat of Japan? June 1942 Battle of Midway August 1945 Atomic bombs dropped on Japan DEFEAT OF JAPAN October 1944 Invasion of the Philippines
Why was the Battle of Midway considered such an important victory for the Allies? Why did the Allies want to conquer the islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa? What event finally prompted Japan to surrender?
Back to Home Forming Opinions What might be the arguments for and against using the atomic bomb on Japan? Think About the consequences of invading Japan the bomb’s destructive power
Main Idea Why It Matters Now Americans at home made great contributions to the Allied victory. World War II caused lasting changes in the lives of civilians.
How did Americans at home contribute to the war effort? Rationing Paying higher taxes EFFORT ON THE HOME FRONT Image Buying war bonds
How did the war lift the nation out of the Great Depression? How did the war spur an African-American migration at home? What action did the U.S. government take against many Japanese Americans during the war?
Back to Home Comparing and Contrasting How were the war years a time of both opportunity and struggle for American women and minorities? Think About Rosie the Riveter African-American migrants zoot-suit riots
Main Idea Why It Matters Now World War II had deep and lasting effects on the United States and the world. As a result of World War II, the United States became the dominant power in the world.
What were the effects of World War II? Image Large numbers of casualties Defeat of fascism Weakening of national economies Nuremberg trials Formation of the UN Use of nuclear weapons EFFECTS OF WORLD WAR II
What was the Marshall Plan? How did the G.I. Bill of Rights help World War II veterans? What principles did the Nuremberg trials establish?
Back to Home Analyzing Causes Why did the United States emerge from the war so much better off than other nations? Think About the geographic location of the United States the role of American industry
1 Why did Hitler attack the Soviet Union? 2 What was the Lend-Lease program? 3 What role did women play in the war? 4 What was D-Day and why was it significant? 5 What was the strategy of island hopping?
6 What was the Manhattan Project? 7 In what ways did Americans at home contribute to the war effort? 8 Why did the nation put thousands of Japanese Americans in internment camps during the war? 9 Which nation lost the most soldiers and civilians in the war? 10 What international tensions arose after World War II?
Back to Home IMPORTANT BATTLES IN EUROPE AND THE PACIFIC April 1945 U.S. Marines invade Okinawa. September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland. August 1940 Battle of Britain intensifies. June 1942 Battle of Midway. August 1942 Battle of Stalingrad begins. June 6, 1944 D-Day invasion of Europe by Allies December 1944 Battle of the Bulge begins. December 7, 1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. November 1942 Allies stop German advance at El Alamein in North Africa. Sequencing Events
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