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World War II A Timeline of Events. Timeline 1922 – Mussolini becomes dictator in Italy. He is known as “Il Duce”

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Presentation on theme: "World War II A Timeline of Events. Timeline 1922 – Mussolini becomes dictator in Italy. He is known as “Il Duce”"— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II A Timeline of Events

2 Timeline 1922 – Mussolini becomes dictator in Italy. He is known as “Il Duce”

3 Timeline 1924 – Stalin comes to power in the Soviet Union

4 Timeline 1929 –The Great Depression begins across Europe and the United States; the American stock market crashes

5 Timeline 1931 – Japan conquers Manchuria in northern China

6 Timeline 1932 – Hitler becomes Germany’s chancellor “Der Fürher”

7 Timeline May 1933 – Massive book burning in Berlin

8 Timeline 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia in Africa. Haili Salasi, Ethiopia’s leader, makes a stand against Italy and begs for international help, but is unsuccessful.

9 Timeline September 15, 1935 Nuremberg Laws passed

10 Timeline Early 1936 – Hitler moves troops into the Rhineland, an area along the Rhine River bordering France. Britain urges appeasement.

11 Timeline Late 1936 – Mussolini and Hitler form the Rome – Berlin Axis. The “Third Reich” – the third incarnation of the Roman Empire - begins.

12 Timeline 1937 - Japan invades southern China

13 Timeline 1938 – Germany annexes Austria

14 Timeline November 9, 1938 – Kristelnacht – hundreds of synagogues are burned, windows in Jewish businesses are smashed, 91 Jews are murdered, 30,000 are arrested and sent to concentration camps

15 Timeline November 12, 1938 Jewish children are expelled from schools

16 Timeline 1939 – Germany signs a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia is partitioned. Neville Chamberlain, PM of Great Britain, proclaims, “Peace in our time.”

17 Timeline September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland. World War II begins.

18 Timeline 1940 – Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, and France using a technique called blitzkrieg, or lightning war.

19 Timeline 1940 – Japan joins the Axis

20 Timeline 1940 Germany bombs Great Britain; The Battle of Britain begins

21 Timeline 1941 – Germany invades the Soviet Union

22 Timeline 1941 – Tojo becomes Prime Minister of Japan

23 Timeline Summer 1941 Hitler’s “Final Solution to the Jewish Question” is begun, ultimately resulting in the deaths of 6 million Jewish people – the Holocaust

24 Timeline December 7, 1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The United States enters the war.

25 Timeline December 1941 – Japanese invades the Philippines

26 Timeline March 1942 – Allied forces under the command of Douglas MacArthur withdraw to Australia. MacArthur promises, “I shall return.”

27 Timeline 1942 - Bataan Death March 60 mile march of 75,000 American and Filipino POWs by the Japanese 11,000 men reportedly die

28 Timeline 1942 – Allied forces led by General Eisenhower invade North Africa and stop the German advance, led by General Rommel, at El Alamein, Egypt.

29 Timeline June 1942 – Battle of Midway is turning point of the war in the Pacific. Allies begin the process of island hopping to get close to the Japanese homeland.

30 Timeline August 1942 – February 1943 The Battle Guadalcanal is the first major land victory in the Pacific. It is made possible by Navajo Code Talkers.

31 Timeline 1943 – German troops surrender at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.

32 Timeline 1943 – Allies invade Sicily. Italy surrenders.

33 Timeline June 6, 1944 - Allies invade Normandy – D-Day

34 Timeline 1944 – Paris is liberated

35 Timeline 1944 – Hitler launches the Battle of the Bulge; Stalin gains control of Eastern Europe

36 Timeline October 1944 – Allies invade the Philippines, liberating Manila by March. The Japanese increase their use of kamikazes.

37 Timeline Late 1944 – the Allies begin bombing Japan

38 Timeline February 1945 U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima.

39 Timeline April 1945 – Allied forces invade Okinawa. 18,000 Americans die; 120,000 Japanese

40 Timeline 1945 – Allied forces advance on Berlin. Germany surrenders on May 7. This is called VE Day.

41 Timeline August 6, 1945 the Enola Gay drops an atomic bomb on the industrial city of Hiroshima. 75,000 people die.

42 Timeline August 9, 1945 a second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, killing 40,000.

43 Timeline September 2, 1945 Japan unconditionally surrenders aboard the battleship Missouri, VJ Day. The war is over.

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