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Chapter 8, Lesson 1 World War Two Begins

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1 Chapter 8, Lesson 1 World War Two Begins
Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class

2 What were the events that led to the start of World War II?
Essential Question What were the events that led to the start of World War II?

3 Places Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

4 People Franklin D. Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini
Winston Churchill Hideki Tojo Joseph Stalin

5 Vocabulary Dictator Fascism Axis Allies World War II Lend-Lease

6 The Rise of Dictators Franklin D. Roosevelt paid so much attention to trying to stop the depression that he lost sight of world affairs. People in other countries were willing to give up their freedoms to improve conditions in their country. Dictators are people who have complete control of a country.

7 The Rise of Dictators Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany in 1933. Hitler’s party was called the Nazi Party. He believed in fascism, which is a form of government where individual freedoms are denied. Hitler believed that Germans were better than others and he especially hated the Jewish people.

8 The Rise of Dictators Hitler promised to expand Germany’s borders.
Hitler was not the only dictator, Benito Mussolini took power in Italy. Italy also promised to attack other countries. Finally, Japan planned to use military power to build a massive empire.

9 The Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan signed an agreement to support each other. They called themselves the Axis Powers. In 1939 German forces prepared to invade Poland. The leaders of Britain and France decided it was time to stop Hitler. Britain and France were know as the Allies Power.

10 The Axis Powers On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland.
Britain and France declared war on Germany. World War II had begun. Germany was very successful conquering Western Europe, including France. Britain stood alone against the battle for Europe.

11 The Debate at Home The leader of the British government was Winston Churchill. People living in England had to live underground due to the constant bombing from Germany. Churchill urged President Roosevelt to help Most Americans wanted to stay out of the war.

12 The Debate at Home President Roosevelt decided to help Britain without joining the fighting. We would let Britain borrow military supplies. This was know as the Lend-Lease act.

13 Declaring War By the spring of 1941, the British air force had won the Battle of Britain, but they were not safe from Germany. The leader in Japan, Hideki Tojo, believed that the U.S. was standing in their way from their goals. Japan, decided to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. America was at war!

14 Axis Advances As the U.S. entered the was, things did not look good for the Allies. The Axis powers held most of Europe, North Africa, most of East Asia and the Pacific Ocean. In 1939, the leader from Russia or the U.S.S.R., Joseph Stalin signed an agreement with Hitler to divide the many countries they attacked.

15 Axis Advances In 1941, Hitler backed out of his promise and attacked the Soviet Union, forcing Stalin to join the Allied Powers. The leaders of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. were not friendly with each other but now they had a common enemy. The U.S., using the Lend-Lease program, gave the Soviet Union many needed military supplies.

16 The Draft When the U.S. went to war, the country was not prepared.
The military did not have enough men to fight, the draft helped this problem. Letters were sent to young men informing them to report for training in the army.

17 Timeline 1933- Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany.
1939 – World War II began when the German army invaded Poland. 1941 – The United States entered World War II after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.

18 Writing Response In three or more paragraphs describe the events that led to the start of World War II?

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