4People Franklin D. Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Winston ChurchillHideki TojoJoseph Stalin
5VocabularyDictatorFascismAxisAlliesWorld War IILend-Lease
6The Rise of DictatorsFranklin D. Roosevelt paid so much attention to trying to stop the depression that he lost sight of world affairs.People in other countries were willing to give up their freedoms to improve conditions in their country.Dictators are people who have complete control of a country.
7The Rise of DictatorsAdolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany in 1933.Hitler’s party was called the Nazi Party.He believed in fascism, which is a form of government where individual freedoms are denied.Hitler believed that Germans were better than others and he especially hated the Jewish people.
8The Rise of Dictators Hitler promised to expand Germany’s borders. Hitler was not the only dictator, Benito Mussolini took power in Italy.Italy also promised to attack other countries.Finally, Japan planned to use military power to build a massive empire.
9The Axis PowersGermany, Italy, and Japan signed an agreement to support each other. They called themselves the Axis Powers.In 1939 German forces prepared to invade Poland.The leaders of Britain and France decided it was time to stop Hitler.Britain and France were know as the Allies Power.
10The Axis Powers On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany.World War II had begun.Germany was very successful conquering Western Europe, including France.Britain stood alone against the battle for Europe.
11The Debate at HomeThe leader of the British government was Winston Churchill.People living in England had to live underground due to the constant bombing from Germany.Churchill urged President Roosevelt to helpMost Americans wanted to stay out of the war.
12The Debate at HomePresident Roosevelt decided to help Britain without joining the fighting.We would let Britain borrow military supplies.This was know as the Lend-Lease act.
13Declaring WarBy the spring of 1941, the British air force had won the Battle of Britain, but they were not safe from Germany.The leader in Japan, Hideki Tojo, believed that the U.S. was standing in their way from their goals.Japan, decided to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941.America was at war!
14Axis AdvancesAs the U.S. entered the was, things did not look good for the Allies.The Axis powers held most of Europe, North Africa, most of East Asia and the Pacific Ocean.In 1939, the leader from Russia or the U.S.S.R., Joseph Stalin signed an agreement with Hitler to divide the many countries they attacked.
15Axis AdvancesIn 1941, Hitler backed out of his promise and attacked the Soviet Union, forcing Stalin to join the Allied Powers.The leaders of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. were not friendly with each other but now they had a common enemy.The U.S., using the Lend-Lease program, gave the Soviet Union many needed military supplies.
16The Draft When the U.S. went to war, the country was not prepared. The military did not have enough men to fight, the draft helped this problem.Letters were sent to young men informing them to report for training in the army.
17Timeline 1933- Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany. 1939 – World War II began when the German army invaded Poland.1941 – The United States entered World War II after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
18Writing ResponseIn three or more paragraphs describe the events that led to the start of World War II?