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Chapter 8, Lesson 1 World War Two Begins Mr. Julian’s 5 th Grade Class.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8, Lesson 1 World War Two Begins Mr. Julian’s 5 th Grade Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8, Lesson 1 World War Two Begins Mr. Julian’s 5 th Grade Class

2 Essential Question What were the events that led to the start of World War II? What were the events that led to the start of World War II?

3 Places Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

4 People Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Benito Mussolini Winston Churchill Winston Churchill Hideki Tojo Hideki Tojo Joseph Stalin Joseph Stalin

5 Vocabulary Dictator Dictator Fascism Fascism Axis Axis Allies Allies World War II World War II Lend-Lease Lend-Lease

6 The Rise of Dictators Franklin D. Roosevelt paid so much attention to trying to stop the depression that he lost sight of world affairs. Franklin D. Roosevelt paid so much attention to trying to stop the depression that he lost sight of world affairs. People in other countries were willing to give up their freedoms to improve conditions in their country. People in other countries were willing to give up their freedoms to improve conditions in their country. Dictators are people who have complete control of a country. Dictators are people who have complete control of a country.

7 The Rise of Dictators Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany in Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany in Hitler’s party was called the Nazi Party. Hitler’s party was called the Nazi Party. He believed in fascism, which is a form of government where individual freedoms are denied. He believed in fascism, which is a form of government where individual freedoms are denied. Hitler believed that Germans were better than others and he especially hated the Jewish people. Hitler believed that Germans were better than others and he especially hated the Jewish people.

8 The Rise of Dictators Hitler promised to expand Germany’s borders. Hitler promised to expand Germany’s borders. Hitler was not the only dictator, Benito Mussolini took power in Italy. Hitler was not the only dictator, Benito Mussolini took power in Italy. Italy also promised to attack other countries. Italy also promised to attack other countries. Finally, Japan planned to use military power to build a massive empire. Finally, Japan planned to use military power to build a massive empire.

9 The Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan signed an agreement to support each other. They called themselves the Axis Powers. Germany, Italy, and Japan signed an agreement to support each other. They called themselves the Axis Powers. In 1939 German forces prepared to invade Poland. In 1939 German forces prepared to invade Poland. The leaders of Britain and France decided it was time to stop Hitler. The leaders of Britain and France decided it was time to stop Hitler. Britain and France were know as the Allies Power. Britain and France were know as the Allies Power.

10 The Axis Powers On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany. Britain and France declared war on Germany. World War II had begun. World War II had begun. Germany was very successful conquering Western Europe, including France. Germany was very successful conquering Western Europe, including France. Britain stood alone against the battle for Europe. Britain stood alone against the battle for Europe.

11 The Debate at Home The leader of the British government was Winston Churchill. The leader of the British government was Winston Churchill. People living in England had to live underground due to the constant bombing from Germany. People living in England had to live underground due to the constant bombing from Germany. Churchill urged President Roosevelt to help Churchill urged President Roosevelt to help Most Americans wanted to stay out of the war. Most Americans wanted to stay out of the war.

12 The Debate at Home President Roosevelt decided to help Britain without joining the fighting. President Roosevelt decided to help Britain without joining the fighting. We would let Britain borrow military supplies. We would let Britain borrow military supplies. This was know as the Lend-Lease act. This was know as the Lend-Lease act.

13 Declaring War By the spring of 1941, the British air force had won the Battle of Britain, but they were not safe from Germany. By the spring of 1941, the British air force had won the Battle of Britain, but they were not safe from Germany. The leader in Japan, Hideki Tojo, believed that the U.S. was standing in their way from their goals. The leader in Japan, Hideki Tojo, believed that the U.S. was standing in their way from their goals. Japan, decided to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, Japan, decided to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, America was at war! America was at war!

14 Axis Advances As the U.S. entered the was, things did not look good for the Allies. As the U.S. entered the was, things did not look good for the Allies. The Axis powers held most of Europe, North Africa, most of East Asia and the Pacific Ocean. The Axis powers held most of Europe, North Africa, most of East Asia and the Pacific Ocean. In 1939, the leader from Russia or the U.S.S.R., Joseph Stalin signed an agreement with Hitler to divide the many countries they attacked. In 1939, the leader from Russia or the U.S.S.R., Joseph Stalin signed an agreement with Hitler to divide the many countries they attacked.

15 Axis Advances In 1941, Hitler backed out of his promise and attacked the Soviet Union, forcing Stalin to join the Allied Powers. In 1941, Hitler backed out of his promise and attacked the Soviet Union, forcing Stalin to join the Allied Powers. The leaders of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. were not friendly with each other but now they had a common enemy. The leaders of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. were not friendly with each other but now they had a common enemy. The U.S., using the Lend-Lease program, gave the Soviet Union many needed military supplies. The U.S., using the Lend-Lease program, gave the Soviet Union many needed military supplies.

16 The Draft When the U.S. went to war, the country was not prepared. When the U.S. went to war, the country was not prepared. The military did not have enough men to fight, the draft helped this problem. The military did not have enough men to fight, the draft helped this problem. Letters were sent to young men informing them to report for training in the army. Letters were sent to young men informing them to report for training in the army.

17 Timeline Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany – World War II began when the German army invaded Poland – World War II began when the German army invaded Poland – The United States entered World War II after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor – The United States entered World War II after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.

18 Writing Response In three or more paragraphs describe the events that led to the start of World War II? In three or more paragraphs describe the events that led to the start of World War II?


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