Presentation on theme: "World War Two (1939-1945) Key Terms Blitzkrieg Axis & Allies Pearl Harbor Churchill Stalin FDR Stalingrad D-day Eisenhower Yalta Conference Dresden Island."— Presentation transcript:
World War Two ( ) Key Terms Blitzkrieg Axis & Allies Pearl Harbor Churchill Stalin FDR Stalingrad D-day Eisenhower Yalta Conference Dresden Island Hopping I.German Conquest ( ) A.Poland B.France C.Battle of Britain D.Russian Invasion II.US ( /7/41) A.Neutrality & Japan III.Defeating Germany ( ) A.Diplomacy/Big Three B.The “Tide Turns” IV.Defeating Japan V.Results
WWII Themes Technology-from the Blitz to A-bomb & in between Diplomacy-Allies cooperate “Total War”-civilian casualties
Poland Faces A Blitzkrieg Germany invaded Poland September 1, 1939 New Technologies = Success Blitzkrieg = “Lightening Warfare” –Air attacks combined with rapid troop movement Poland fell within one month German air force targeted railroads
WWII Alliances Allies Great Britain France Axis Germany Italy Japan Following Germany’s invasion Alliances were formed:
France Falls To Germany 1940 France fell to Germany in 6 weeks (successful Blitz) Victorious German Soldiers
The British Stand Alone: Battle of Britain Cities were bombed June, 1940-June 1941 British radar helped & radio influenced morale London under fire
Russian Invasion June, 1941 Germany invaded Russia (in violation of previous treaty) German “Blitzkrieg” again VERY successful (initially) Hitler switched tactics
Pearl Harbor Attack (12/7/41) 19 Ships sunk About 2,000 dead USS Arizona explosions killed about 1,100
WWII Alliances Allies Great Britain France USSR Axis Germany Italy Japan US
“Big Three” Prime Minster of Great Britain Goal: Attack “Soft Underbelly” of Europe Winston Churchill ( ) Italy
“Big Three” Leader of Soviet Union (USSR) Goal: A Second Front in western Europe million Soviets died during WWII Joseph Stalin ( )
“Big Three” US President Goal: Defeat Germany first with fewest US casualties Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) ( )
Battles Of Stalingrad & Leningrad (Leningrad: ) Turning point of European war USSR turned back Germans Leningrad/ St. Petersburg was under seige
The “Tide Turns” In Italy In 1943 following defeats in North Africa Mussolini was deposed & Italy surrendered.
D-Day (June 6, 1944) Allied invasion in western France (2 nd Front). Technological success –500,000 troops – 11,000 aircraft – 4,000 vessels Dwight Eisenhower ( )
Dresden, Germany Major German cultural center Site of massive allied bombing campaign February 1945 –Up to 130,000 civilians killed
Yalta Conference (February, 1945) 1.Free elections would be held in Poland. 2.Germany would be occupied by Allied Powers. 3.USSR would join the war against Japan. 4.Allied Powers would participate in the United Nations. It was decided that following Germany’s defeat…
Germany’s Defeat Germany surrendered May 8, 1945.
Island Hopping US strategy to defeat Japan. US forces went from Island to Island in the Pacific on their way to the Japanese mainland.
War In The Pacific: Midway (June 1942) Location of an important US based in the Pacific US won a decisive victory Significance: Turning point in the war in the Pacific
Iwo Jima (February-March, 1945) 6,800 US dead 19,000 US wounded 21,000 Japanese dead *Figures are approximate
Okinawa April-June, ,500 US/Allied dead 35,000 US/Allied wounded 100,000 Japanese soldiers dead 80,000 Japanese civilians dead or wounded *Figures are approximate
“Kamikaze” Japanese “suicide” planes increased as the Americans neared the Japanese mainland.
Tokyo Was Firebombed March, 1945 (two days) About 80,000 dead 250,000 buildings destroyed