Presentation on theme: "World War Two ( ) German Conquest ( ) Poland France"— Presentation transcript:
1 World War Two (1939-1945) German Conquest (1939-42) Poland France Key TermsBlitzkriegAxis & AlliesPearl HarborChurchillStalinFDRStalingradD-dayEisenhowerYalta ConferenceDresdenIsland HoppingGerman Conquest ( )PolandFranceBattle of BritainRussian InvasionUS ( /7/41)Neutrality & JapanDefeating Germany ( )Diplomacy/Big ThreeThe “Tide Turns”Defeating JapanResults
2 WWII Themes Technology-from the Blitz to A-bomb & in between Diplomacy-Allies cooperate“Total War”-civilian casualties
3 Poland Faces A Blitzkrieg Germany invaded Poland September 1, 1939New Technologies = SuccessBlitzkrieg = “Lightening Warfare”Air attacks combined with rapid troop movementPoland fell within one monthGerman air force targeted railroads
4 WWII Alliances Allies Axis Following Germany’s invasion Alliances were formed:AlliesGreat BritainFranceAxisGermanyItalyJapan
5 France Falls To Germany 1940 France fell to Germany in 6 weeks (successful Blitz)Victorious German Soldiers
6 The British Stand Alone: Battle of Britain Cities were bombed June, 1940-June 1941British radar helped & radio influenced moraleLondon under fire
7 Hitler switched tactics Russian InvasionJune, 1941 Germany invaded Russia (in violation of previous treaty)German “Blitzkrieg” again VERY successful (initially)Hitler switched tactics
8 Pearl Harbor Attack (12/7/41) 19 Ships sunkAbout 2,000 deadUSS Arizona explosions killed about 1,100
9 WWII Alliances Allies Axis Great Britain France USSR Germany Italy JapanUS
10 “Big Three” Winston Churchill (1874-1965) Prime Minster of Great BritainGoal: Attack “Soft Underbelly” of EuropeItaly
11 “Big Three” Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) Leader of Soviet Union (USSR) Goal: A Second Front in western Europe20-30 million Soviets died during WWII
12 Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) “Big Three”Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)( )US PresidentGoal: Defeat Germany first with fewest US casualties
13 Battles Of Stalingrad & Leningrad (Leningrad: 1941-44) Turning point of European warUSSR turned back GermansLeningrad/ St. Petersburg was under seige
14 The “Tide Turns” In Italy In 1943 following defeats in North Africa Mussolini was deposed & Italy surrendered.
15 D-Day (June 6, 1944) Dwight Eisenhower (1890-1969) Allied invasion in western France (2nd Front).Technological success500,000 troops11,000 aircraft4,000 vessels
16 Dresden, Germany Major German cultural center Site of massive allied bombing campaign February 1945Up to 130,000 civilians killed
17 Yalta Conference (February, 1945) It was decided that following Germany’s defeat…Free elections would be held in Poland.Germany would be occupied by Allied Powers.USSR would join the war against Japan.Allied Powers would participate in the United Nations.
18 Germany’s DefeatGermany surrendered May 8, 1945.
19 Island Hopping US strategy to defeat Japan. US forces went from Island to Island in the Pacific on their way to the Japanese mainland.
20 War In The Pacific: Midway (June 1942) Location of an important US based in the PacificUS won a decisive victorySignificance: Turning point in the war in the Pacific
21 Iwo Jima (February-March, 1945) 6,800 US dead19,000 US wounded21,000 Japanese dead*Figures are approximate
22 Okinawa April-June, 1945 12,500 US/Allied dead 35,000 US/Allied wounded100,000 Japanese soldiers dead80,000 Japanese civilians dead or wounded*Figures are approximate
23 “Kamikaze”Japanese “suicide” planes increased as the Americans neared the Japanese mainland.
24 Tokyo Was Firebombed March, 1945 (two days) About 80,000 dead 250,000 buildings destroyed