2 Pearl HarborDecember 7th, 1941.Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
3 Japanese surprise attack on US Pacific fleet designed to knock the US out of power in the Pacific.
4 Impact of Pearl Harbor Casualties US declared war on Japan 2,403 Americans killed11 major warships sunkUS declared war on JapanGermany and Italy declared war on the US three days later
5 Allied War Strategy l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ------l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l------The United States decided to use a “Hitler First” strategy by trying to defeat Germany first and then to focus on Japan
6 Allied War StrategyGermany was more technologically advanced, and the allies feared the new weapons.Germans were working on jet aircraft, early missiles and the atomic bomb.
7 Allied War StrategyGermany was also very close to completing their conquest of Europe.Battle of BritainInvasion of USSR
8 Allied War StrategyThe Japanese occupied a huge territory and each island was well defended.Attacks would take longer in the Pacific.
9 Axis War StrategyHitler’s goal was to gain control of Soviet oil fields and force Britain out of the war through a bombing campaign and submarine warfareThey wanted to accomplish this before America’s industrial and military strength could turn the tide of the war
10 Axis War StrategyFollowing Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded the Philippines and Indonesia and planned to invade both Australia and Hawaii.Japan’s leaders hoped that America would then accept Japanese predominance in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, rather than conduct a bloody and costly war to reverse Japanese gains.
11 The North African Campaign (1942) The Germans and Italians were trying to seize Egypt and the Suez Canal
12 October 23rd – November 5th, 1942 The British defeated the Germans at the Battle of El Alamein
13 The North African Campaign (1942) Turning point of the North African campaignThis defeat prevented Hitler from gaining access to Middle Eastern oil supplies and from attacking the Soviet Union from the south
14 The Battle of Stalingrad (1942) Since 1941, the German Army had pushed deeply into the Soviet Union
15 The Battle of Stalingrad (1942) The German and Soviet Armies battled in the rubble of the city of Stalingrad from July 17th, 1942 – February 2nd, 1943
16 The Battle of Stalingrad (1942) The Russian winter helped defeat the Nazis
17 The Battle of Stalingrad (1942) The battle of Stalingrad was one of the longest and bloodiest battles in history.Over 1.5 million soldiers died.
18 The Battle of Stalingrad (1942) This was the turning point of the war in the east against GermanyThe defeat prevented Hitler from seizing the Soviet oil fields
19 D-Day: Allied Invasion of Europe. The Allies wanted to invade mainland Europe.
20 Roosevelt wanted to keep a promise to Stalin to create a second front against Germany to help keep some pressure off the Soviet Union.
21 To do this, they had to break through the “Atlantic Wall”.