The 3 Axis Powers Germany Hitler Italy Mussolini Japan Tojo
Ruled by dictatorships: Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Fascist Japan
The Soviet Union Began as an Axis Power, and changed to the Allies after Germany invasion.
The Allies *USA FDR & Truman *Great Britain *Canada Churchill *Soviet Union *France Stalin
Isolationism National policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs.
Hitler’s promise A boost in economy Relief from high unemployment
Inflation A continuous rise in the price of goods and services.
US Presidents during WWII Franklin D. Roosevelt and later… Harry S. Truman
Increased tensions between the U.S. and Japan BEFORE Pearl Harbor was due to: Japanese aggression in East Asia
When… The U.S. declared war on Japan then…. Germany declared war on the U.S.
The bombing of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 “A day that shall live in infamy”
War Timeline: Germany invades France on June 1940 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor on Dec. 1941 U.S. declares war on Japan & Germany D-Day
U.S. helped in WWII BEFORE Pearl Harbor by: Giving economic aid to the Allies
There was a gradual change in American policy during WWII: Practice of isolationism Economic aid to allies Direct involvement
Germany invades Poland The start of WWII in Europe
The Battle of Britain Germany launched massive air raids over Britain, BUT the British Royal Air Force mounted a heroic defense and inflicted heavy losses on the German Air Force. Hitler then moved east into the Soviet Union.
Lend-lease An act passed by Congress in March 1941 allowing the U.S. to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation vital to the defense of the U.S. Ex: The U.S. gave war supplies and old naval ships to Great Britain in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean.
D-Day Normandy, France June 6, 1944 Started the liberation of Western Europe
The Battle of Midway U.S. victory that was a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Stalingrad The Soviet Union defeated Germany at Stalingrad, oil rich lands to the south of the Soviet Union.
Japan surrendered because: The U.S. dropped 2 atomic bombs on: Hiroshima Nagasaki
Hitler believed that: Aryans were the master race
Holocaust a systematic attempt to rid Europe of all Jews. practiced Anti-semitism- a hatred of Jews
Concentration Camps Where Hitler imprisoned Jews and others during WWII
“Rosie the Riveter” A character developed to encourage women to take factory jobs in defense plants.
Internment Camps Where the U.S. put Japanese Americans during WWII.
Rationing: Limiting of scarce goods during wartime.
Women helped during WWII by: Taking jobs in defense plants during the war.
FINALLY!!! You’re finished! STUDY, STUDY, STUDY and make your parents and me proud!