Presentation on theme: "THE ELECTION OF 1824 By: Gabi, Maira, & Kenyatta."— Presentation transcript:
THE ELECTION OF 1824 By: Gabi, Maira, & Kenyatta
PRESIDENCY OF ANDREW JACKSON -In 1824 Andrew Jackson ran against John Quincy Adams for president. -‘Democrats’ were supporters of Jackson after the Democratic Republican split’ ‘Whigs’ were what his opponents were called -This marks the end of Republican/Federalist political format -This election was the first time no one who was a Federalist ran -Jackson won by 99 votes and John Adams got 84 -Sense no one got the majority of the votes the House of Representative choose between the two for president
PRESIDENCY OF ANDREW JACKSON - Henry Clay speaker of the House of Representative led some strong attacks against Jackson -Clay didn’t want Andrew Jackson going into office so he forged an Ohio Valley-New England coalition that secured that John Adams as president -In return Henry Clay got appointed the new Secretary of State, a position well known as a stepping stone for becoming president in the past four elections -Andrew Jackson accused Henry Clay and John Adams of making a “corrupt bargain’
The Presidency of Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Maria, Jill, Josh, John
People noticied during Jacksons 2 terms that there was a increase in Democracy In 1820’s males over 21 could vote Jackson changed ways of getting votes like having dinners, rallies and public meeting Democracy
Jackson brought 20,000 people to white house and they trashed it and threw dishes everywhere over refreshments The inauguration
Jackson felt like the president should be the spokesman for the average person Also he replaced some people who already worked for Government with his supporters of the spoil system The spoil system
Jackson was elected by all the common people and finally made president in 1824 Likefrontiersman, laborers and farmers Age of the common man
1. Jacksonian Democracy- the end of property qualification (the spoils system) and new forms of campaigning. 2. Jackson was the bitter he despised the wealthy, privileged bankers & Merchants of New England and also because of his wife’s death. 3. Politics activity of ordainary person under Jackson
Jackson believed that Native Americans would partner with foreign invaders so the first thing he did as President was establish the Indian Removal Act. This act removed tribes east of the Mississippi river. Cherokees rejected the act. Jackson convinced the cherokees to relocate in atleast two years Trail of Tears
The cherokees delayed the removal so they had to move out in the harsh winter 16,000 Cherokees were escorted to there new home in Indian territory by federal troops. 1/4 th of them died from exposure, starvation, and fever during the 800 mile journey. Cherokees first asked the supreme court to protect the land from being seized. Trail of Tears
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUILURVoPhw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUILURVoPhw Helpful video
Tariff of Abomination By: Will DeJacimo Maguire Gonzales Gio Mejia
What is the Tariff of Abomination? The Tariff of Abomination is another name for the Tariff of 1828. It was a protective tariff passed by congress on may 19, 1828. It was designed to protect northern manufactures. It placed a tax on imported goods from other countries.
Northern States The northern states saw this as a huge advantage because foreign goods would have a higher price tag due to the tax. People would be more intrigued to buy the American made goods for a cheaper cost than the more expensive British goods.
Southern States The southern states apposed the tariff because the goods they imported from England were now costing more. To counter this, they rose their price of cotton that they sold to England, but were warned by England that they would be boycotted if the price wasn ’ t lowered.
Resolution On July 14, 1832 President Jackson signed into law that the Tariff of 1828 that placed a tax on imported goods was un-constitutional. Resources: www.princton.edu www.angelfire.com Social studies TEKS book
Nullifaction Nullification and the South Carolina Secession Threat
South Carolina Threatens to Secede >In 1832, a new tariff lowered duties by ten percent. The problem was that California believed that the tariff was still to high so they decided to put Calhoun’s nullification theory into practice >A state convention then passed a law known as the ordinance of nullification, and banning the collection of duties in south Carolina. >They than threatened to secede from the union if the government enforced this law. >South Carolina then withdrew its nullification law and averted a national crisis. >Jackson showed throughout the conflict that despite his support for states rights he would use force to preserve the union.
Nullification Northern manufactures favored a high tariff to protect their industries from the foreign competition. Southern sold and other crops to New England opposed a high tariff on imports. In spring of 1828 Jackson’s supporters demanded changes in the tariff rates proposed by president John Quincy Adams The tariff of 1828 became known as the tariff of ambitions. One person against the tariff was vice president John C. Calhoun. Calhoun thought the tariff was unconstitutional and even wrote an exposition to protest against it. He argued that each state had the right to nullify an unconstitutional federal law in its own territory. Calhoun's idea surfaced again in 1830. When a senator proposed that sales of public lands in the west be halted, senator Hayne of South Carolina advanced Calhoun’s nullification theory.
Bank War By: Adam Ash, Nick Clark, Jose Ramirez, Josh White
NATIONAL BANK A FEDERAL BANK HAD BEEN CREATED BY GEORGE WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDER HAMILTON IN 1791 AS A PLACE TO HOLD FEDERAL FUNDS THE SECOND BANK WAS FOUNED IN 1816 THE BANK WAS RUN BY A BOARD OF DIRECTORS WITH TIES TO INDUSTRY AND MANUFACTURING AND WERE BIASED TOWARD THE URBAN AND INDUTRIAL NORTHERN STATES
EXPIRES BANKS CHARTER WON RE-ELECTION IN 1832 ORDERED REMOVAL OF ALL FEDERAL DEPOSITS IN SECOND BANK, THIS EFFECT CRIPPLED THE BANK REMOVED FUNDING FROM NATIONAL BANK CHARTER WAS TO EXPIRE IN 1833 JACKSON VETOED THE RECHARTER HE THOUGHT THE BANK GAVE AN UNFAIR MONOPOLY TO WEATLY MONEYED INTERESTS IN THE NORTHEAST