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Andrew Jackson’s Presidency Unit 5, Lesson 1. Essential Idea Andrew Jackson’s presidency involved “new” democracy, the Nullification Crisis, the Indian.

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Presentation on theme: "Andrew Jackson’s Presidency Unit 5, Lesson 1. Essential Idea Andrew Jackson’s presidency involved “new” democracy, the Nullification Crisis, the Indian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Andrew Jackson’s Presidency Unit 5, Lesson 1

2 Essential Idea Andrew Jackson’s presidency involved “new” democracy, the Nullification Crisis, the Indian Removal Act, and the Bank War.

3 Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Democracy: During Jackson’ time, American democracy included more “common man” involvement and equality 1. Universal White Male Suffrage Gave the “common man” power in elections 2. Campaigning/Mudslinging Candidates began campaigning/mudslinging to appeal to common people 3. Spoils system (patronage) Jackson awarded government jobs for political support This system quickly became corrupt

4 Jacksonian Democracy 4. Alexis de Tocqueville Wrote “Democracy in America,” commenting on the equality he saw between different classes in America Limits on Democracy: Blacks, women, and Native Americans were still not treated equally or given voice in government

5 Nullification Crisis The Nullification Crisis: “Tariff of Abominations”— Congress passed a new tariff that South Carolina hated South Carolinians threatened to secede, or withdraw, from the United States Jackson’s own vice-president, John Calhoun, suggested nullification instead of secession Nullification— idea that states can reject federal laws

6 Webster-Hayne Debates Webster-Hayne Debates: Senators debated the issue of nullification in Congress Senator: Daniel Webster Position: Against nullification—the Union (federal government) comes BEFORE individual states Senator: Robert Hayne Position: For nullification—the freedom of states comes BEFORE the Union (Calhoun agreed) Jackson’s position: Jackson favored states’ rights, but NOT if it broke up the Union (against Calhoun)

7 Jackson vs. South Carolina South Carolina’s Action: South Carolina nullified the “Tariff of Abominations” Jackson’s Reaction: Jackson was furious, called the action treason, and sent a warship to South Carolina Conflict and Compromise: Henry Clay: Compromise Tariff of 1833– Clay got Congress to lower the tariff to satisfy South Carolina Force Bill: Authorized the president to use military to enforce laws The Nullification Crisis

8 Civil War Foreshadowed Future implications: In 1860, South Carolina “nullified” the election of Abraham Lincoln South Carolina and other states seceded from the Union The Civil War started when President Lincoln used the military to preserve the Union

9 Indian Removal Jackson and Native Americans: Jackson intended to move Indians out of the eastern United States Indian Removal Act— authorized the relocation of Indians to the Great Plains, (west of the Mississippi River) Worcester v. Georgia: Cherokee Indians sued to stay on their land in Georgia The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the CHEROKEE

10 Indian Removal Jackson’s reaction: Jackson IGNORED the ruling Trail of Tears: The Cherokee were forced to walk 800 miles to Oklahoma About 4,000 died from starvation, disease, and cold The Trail of Tears


12 Indian Wars Foreshadowed Future implications: Eventually, Americans would also take Indian land in the West Indians fought back (Indian Wars) but were forced onto reservations

13 Election of 1832 Election of 1832: Democrats—Andrew Jackson Whigs—Henry Clay Major Issue: Whether or not to keep the BUS Clay wanted to keep the BUS Jackson distrusted the BUS and thought it unconstitutional Results: Jackson won easily Jackson felt he had a “mandate” from the people to destroy the BUS

14 The Bank War The “Monster” Bank: Jackson took money from the “monster” bank (BUS), which “killed” the BUS “Pet” Banks: Jackson put the money in state banks, known as “pet banks” Constitutional? McCulloch v. Maryland had established the BUS as constitutional Again, Jackson defied the Supreme Court

15 Evaluation of Jackson Man of the people? Jackson’s supporters felt he would do whatever necessary for the people Dictator? Jackson’s critics thought he acted like a dictator who ignored the Constitution Jackson's Legacy

16 The Panic of 1837 Panic of 1837: Panic of 1837—this economic recession hit just after Jackson left office Some blamed Jackson’s economic policies, like killing the BUS The Democrats were blamed and lost popularity

17 Election of 1840 Election of 1840: Many Americans started to favor the Whig Party Whig party candidates—William Henry Harrison (hero from Battle of Tippecanoe) and John Tyler

18 Appealing to the Common Man Jacksonian Campaigning: “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”—catchy slogan of Whig campaign “Log Cabin and Hard Cider” campaign—made Whigs look like common men, appealed to voters


20 Tyler Becomes President Results: Harrison and Tyler won easily Harrison died a month after the inauguration and Tyler became president

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