Presentation on theme: "Recap last lesson…. TYPES OF MOVEMENT Get your planner out. Get your planner out. Get your homework out and leave it on your desk (the poster on types."— Presentation transcript:
Recap last lesson…. TYPES OF MOVEMENT Get your planner out. Get your planner out. Get your homework out and leave it on your desk (the poster on types of joint) Get your homework out and leave it on your desk (the poster on types of joint) Without using your folder/sheets from last lesson - Answer the 5 questions on the sheet. Without using your folder/sheets from last lesson - Answer the 5 questions on the sheet.
Recap last lesson…. 1)Explain the term flexion and give a sporting example. 2)Explain the term extension and give a sporting example. 3)Explain the term rotation and give a sporting example. 4)Explain the term abduction and give a sporting example. 5)Explain the term adduction and give a sporting example.
Swap with the person next to you and mark their work…..
Answers… 1) Decreases the angle of a joint. 2) Increases the angle of a joint. 3) Turning/circular movement of a body part about the long axis of the joint. 4) Moving of a body part away from the sagittal plane/mid line of the body. 5) Moving of a body part toward the sagittal/mid line of the body.
Remember… The 5 types of movement we have covered occur at BALL & SOCKET JOINTS HINGE JOINTS
Lesson Objectives…. 1)Understand the structure/parts of a synovial joint. 2)Understand the role of each part of the synovial joint. 3)Understand the impact of a healthy and active lifestyle on synovial joints.
Task 1….. Without using the text book label the parts of the synovial joint. 1)Appendicular bones 2)Synovial fluid 3)Ligaments 4)Cartilage
Task 2… Link the definitions to the part of the synovial joint.
Structure of a Synovial Joint Articulating Bones = 2 or more bones that meet to create a joint. Ligaments = Attach bones to another bones. Cartilage = Shock absorber found on the end of bones Synovial Fluid = Lubricant that prevents friction at joint
Task 3… Stick all the labels in the correct place.
Learning outcomes… What were lesson objectives 1 & 2? Put your hand up if you have completed the diagram (inc labels) and can now label and define the parts of a synovial joint! Well Done!!! You have completed lesson objective 1 & 2.
The impact of a healthy and active lifestyle has on synovial joints… Positives – 1) Strengthens connective tissue around joints. 2) Prevents hyperextension. Negatives – 1)Inflammation of joints. 2)Osteoarthritis.
Task 4… Use the OCR textbook to write notes on the positives and negative impacts that exercise has on synovial joints. Are there anymore??? Short term or long term???
Learning outcome… What was the 3 rd lesson objective? You can now give positive and negative effects that exercise (healthy and active lifestyle) has on the body. Now the good part…………….
Homework….. Complete the online multiple choice quiz. There will be 15 questions!! This must be done by your next theory lesson.
Extension Activity OCR EXAM QUESTIONS 1)Give one example of a freely moveable (synovial) joint? 1 Mark 2) 2)Provide examples from different physical activities to describe how the movements that can occur at joints contribute to effective performance (4marks)
OCR MARK SCHEME 1) 1)Synovial joint is another term for a freely moveable joint and should not be rewarded. Correct Examples: Ball and socket, (hip, shoulder), Hinge (elbow, knee, ankle, interphalangeal joints of fingers, toes), Gliding (joint between the clavicle and sternum), Pivot (elbow), Condyloid/saddle (thumb, wrist).
2) Four different examples from a minimum of 2 activities. Movement about a joint (type of movement, e.g. reaching), and the application in an activity (e.g. catching) Moveable joints allow the performer to reach out, Joints allow flexion - bending - preparation to hit a shuttlecock or strike a football, And extension - straightening - hitting the shuttlecock or striking a football, Catching a ball requires similar with addition of adduction/abduction (toward or away from the midline), Similarly, in catching, supine position of the hand(s) may be required, Bending of the body (flexion) to pick up or strike an object, Circumduction, required in cricket bowling, or swimming (arm action front/back crawl). A variety of actions and activities may be provided. OCR MARK SCHEME