3The Visigoths Settled on the Danube by Rome Adrianople 378 A.D. Sack of Rome 410 A.D.Migrate to Spain A.D.Vandal Invasion A.D.Vandals driven to Africa 455 A.D.Rome Sacked again 455 A.D.Odoacer deposes the last emperor
7Visigothic Spain Coexist with the Romans Warrior caste dominates the Roman bureaucracyIntermarry with Catholic RomansNever developed orderly system for selecting kings (civil wars)Muslims conquer Spain in 711 A.D.
8The Ostrogoths Subjects of the Huns until 453 A.D. Allies of the Eastern Roman Empire after the death of Attila
9Ostrogothic ItalyKing Theodoric commissioned by the emperor Zeno to attack OdoacerTheodoric rules independently of ZenoIntegration of Roman government and German cultureSeparate legal systems for Goths and RomansGoths control the armyReligious friction (Arians vs. Catholics)Conquered by Byzantium in 535 A.D.Conquered by the Lombards in 554 A.D.
10The Merovingian Franks 456 A.D. to 751 A.D. Clovis A.D.Converts to Catholicism during a battleSupported by Popes to fight ArianismReligious justification for expansion3 sons divide the Kingdom
12Frankish Society Clovis’ sons cannot maintain political control Noble’s power growsAgriculture increases, trade declinesClergy is corrupt and is dominated by noblesDrifting towards feudalism
13Frankish Culture Extended family/male dominated Kingship is limited Kings electedMilitary councilsLoyalty to persons or kings, not the state
14Frankish Law Salic Law Customary Laws - Offenses are personal not crimes against the state- Fines for insults, wounds, and murder- Punishment stratified by class- Trial by battle, ordeal, or oath- Rough and ready methods of settling disputes
15Frankish Family Extended family Male dominated Arranged marriages Bride priceVirginity verifiedDivorce permittedWidows can own property