Presentation on theme: "Matt Reed and Noah Strong. Territories in Africa and Europe were lost to Germanic tribes and invaders. Population in the west declined due to Agricultural."— Presentation transcript:
Territories in Africa and Europe were lost to Germanic tribes and invaders. Population in the west declined due to Agricultural issues. Capital of empire shifted from Rome to Byzantium, this ended power in the west. In the 3 rd century political instability developed within the empire. Roman citizens became over confident. Diseases swept through population killing about half of the western empire.
Divided between west and east. East was heavily influenced by Hellenistic culture and were more sophisticated. West still spoke Latin and only had main cities protected and not countryside. Emperor Constantine moved the capital from Rome to Byzantium in the east. West became the Holy Roman Empire after Romulus Augustus’ rule
Germanic Tribes ended up controlling much of Italy. The Visigoths controlled Spain The Vandals controlled North Africa Britain was divided in to the Anglo Saxons Many small tribes became known as the Franks. Gauls controlled France.
These invasions of Germanic Tribes was harmful to the Roman empire because they all brought their own culture to the empire causing loss of unity in the empire. Germanic Tribes wanted to invade the Roman Empire because they appreciated Roman culture more than their own. Germanic Tribes were mercenaries for Roman military and wanted more military control.
Made of a combination of two tribes from Northern Germany and Denmark. Captured most of Britain, and established a Germanic tribal system of government. Converted to catholic by the end of the 6 th century. England became a dangerous place to live under Anglo Saxon rule.
Joined forces with the Romans to defeat the Huns in 451, Battle of Chalons. From southern Scandinavia Split in to the Ostrogoths, who remained in southern Russia and the Visigoths, who drove the Romans out of modern day Romania. Also captured Ravenna, and Rome then continued to settle in southern France and Spain.
From Germany Tried to settle in Spain but were expelled by the Visigoths. Conquered North Africa and sacked Rome in 455 after the Visigoths. Took the treasures of Rome back to Carthage. Fell to the Byzantine Empire led by Justinian in 533.
Byzantine law was based off of Roman law. Roman nobles inter-married with Germanic upper class. Social structure of old Rome remained in Spain and southern Gaul, area where romans had fled to. Things that were influenced were political styles, and Architecture. Rome remained the largest city in the west and economic center for western Europe.
Odoacer was the chief of the Germanic mercenaries, he disposed of Romulus Augustus and quickly conquered Italy. The Germanic tribes established control over Italy for many centuries Rome was abandoned during the Gothic war in the 6 th century. This caused surrounding cities to fall in to decline. The Muslim Conquest led to poor trade in the Mediterranean for the Europeans.
The split of the Roman Empire led to depopulation, de- urbanization, and increased invasions. The lack of leadership led poor infrastructure within the divided Western Roman Empire. Trade with other territories collapsed and education suffered. Early Middle Ages was not a strong time period, everything but the catholic church declined.
Pope Boniface III became the bishop of Rome in 607 and was given the Pantheon. Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, the leader of the franks, the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. This Empire became the new power in the west, making Constantinople its new rival.