Presentation on theme: "Do Now: Grab a textbook and use the map on page 303 to answer these questions: Which Germanic kingdoms were the largest in 500? What Geographic factors."— Presentation transcript:
1 Transforming the Roman World: Germanic Kingdoms, the Carolingian Empire, and Charlemagne
2 Do Now:Grab a textbook and use the map on page 303 to answer these questions:Which Germanic kingdoms were the largest in 500?What Geographic factors kept Constantinople from being conquered?
3 Objective/Essential Question: Copy Onto Notes Sheet How did Germanic tribes transform the Roman Empire?
4 New Germanic KingdomsGermanic peoples had begun to move into lands of the Roman Empire by the third century and set up new statesVisigoths: occupied Spain and ItalyOstrogoths: took control of Italy from the Visigoths in the 5th centuryAngles and Saxons: tribes from Denmark and northern Germany that moved into BritainEventually became the Anglo-Saxons
5 Germanic SocietyGermans and Romans intermarried and created new societyMost important social bond among Germanic peoples was familyExtended family including aunts, uncles, cousins, and grandparentsWorked land together and passed it down to future generationsProvided protection in violent atmosphere of the timeAffected way Germanic law treated crime and punishmentHow did Roman system deal with crime and punishment?Germanic law was personal: injury by one person against another resulted in blood feud between families and savage acts of revenge.To avoid bloodshed, new system developed called wergildA fine paid by wrongdoer to family of person he/she injured or killedValue of a person in moneyVaried according to social status
6 Kingdom of the FranksOnly German state on European continent that lasted long timeFrankish kingdom established by ClovisStrong military leader500 A.D. became first Germanic ruler to convert to ChristianityWon him support of the Catholic ChurchCovered modern day France and western GermanyDefeated surrounding Germanic tribes and unified Franks as a peopleAfter Clovis’ death, sons divided kingdom among themselves
7 Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire During 600s and 700s, Frankish kings gradually lost power to their officersOne of them, Pepin, assumed kingship for himself and his family768: Pepin dies and his son, Charles the Great or Charlemagne, becomes new Frankish kingRuled fromFierce warrior, strong statesman, devout ChristianGreatly expanded Frankish kingdom and created the Carolingian EmpireCovered much of western and central Europe at its heightMost powerful Christian ruler800: acquired title Emperor of the RomansSymbolized joining of Roman, Christian, and German elements
8 The End of the Carolingian Empire Carolingian Empire weakened from within by division after Charlemagne’s death and from outside by enemy attacksFrom within:814: Charlemagne diesLess than 30 years later, empire divided among his grandsons into 3 major sectionsWest Frankish landsEastern Frankish landsMiddle KingdomLocal nobles gained power while Carolingian rulers fought each otherFrom outside:Ninth and tenth centuries, western Europe experienced wave of invasionsInvadersMuslims attacked southern coasts of Europe up to southern FranceMagyars, people from western Asia, moved into Central Europe, settled in Hungary and invaded western EuropeVikings, Germanic people from Scandinavia, most far-reaching attacks
9 The VikingsSacked villages and towns, destroyed churches, defeated small local armiesWarriors, superb shipbuilders, and sailorsTheir ships were the best of the periodDragon shipsLong and narrow with beautifully carved, arched prowsCarried 50 menConstruction allowed them to sail up European rivers and attack places far inland