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Integrated Pest Management City of Ann Arbor Golf Courses and Natural Area Preservation (NAP)

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management City of Ann Arbor Golf Courses and Natural Area Preservation (NAP)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrated Pest Management City of Ann Arbor Golf Courses and Natural Area Preservation (NAP)

2 Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an approach to pest control that uses regular monitoring to determine if and when treatments are needed and employs various tactics to keep pest numbers low enough to prevent intolerable damage or annoyance. Least toxic chemical controls are reserved as a last resort. ( )

3 Integrated Pest Management

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8 Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health

9 Integrated Pest Management Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health Select Thresholds for Acceptable and Unacceptable Levels of Pest Injury

10 Integrated Pest Management Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health Select Thresholds for Acceptable and Unacceptable Levels of Pest Injury Scout and Monitor Potential Pest Populations

11 Integrated Pest Management Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health Select Thresholds for Acceptable and Unacceptable Levels of Pest Injury Scout and Monitor Potential Pest Populations Accurately Identify the Problem and Choose the Best Management Strategy

12 Integrated Pest Management Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health Select Thresholds for Acceptable and Unacceptable Levels of Pest Injury Scout and Monitor Potential Pest Populations Accurately Identify the Problem and Choose the Best Management Strategy Proper Timing for Treatment Methods

13 Integrated Pest Management Employ Sound Cultural Practices to Promote Plant Health Select Thresholds for Acceptable and Unacceptable Levels of Pest Injury Scout and Monitor Potential Pest Populations Accurately Identify the Problem and Choose the Best Management Strategy Proper Timing for Treatment Methods Evaluate Results and Keep Records

14 NAP IPM Policy Statement

15 Applicator Certification Michigan (Michigan Dept of Agriculture)and Federal (FIFRA) law regulates pesticide use – The City requires anyone applying pesticides on city-owned property to be certified through the State of Michigan – Commercial Applicators must take a “Core” exam and at least one category test (i.e. Forestry (2), Turfgrass (3A), Ornamentals (3B), Right- of-Way (6), etc)

16 Environmental Certifications Leslie Park Golf course is a certified Audubon International Cooperative Sanctuary and Michigan Turfgrass Environmental Steward Huron Hills is not currently certified but work has begun.

17 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in:

18 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management

19 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation

20 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation – Water Quality Management

21 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation – Water Quality Management – Outreach and Education

22 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation – Water Quality Management – Outreach and Education – Site Visit and Environmental Action Plan

23 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation – Water Quality Management – Outreach and Education – Site Visit and Environmental Action Plan – Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

24 Requirements for Certification Need to show environmental stewardship in: – Wildlife and Habitat Management – Water Conservation – Water Quality Management – Outreach and Education – Site Visit and Environmental Action Plan – Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

25 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

26 Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636)

27 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637)

28 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice)

29 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

30 Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice)

31 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice)

32 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

33 Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice)

34 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice) Post Notice of Pesticide Use on 1 st and 10 th Tees (Suggested Best Management Practice and R )

35 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety

36 Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice) Post Notice of Pesticide Use on 1 st and 10 th Tees (Suggested Best Management Practice and R )

37 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice) Post Notice of Pesticide Use on 1 st and 10 th Tees (Suggested Best Management Practice and R ) Drift Management Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice)

38 Chemical Use Reduction and Safety Maintain Pesticide Use Records (Required by MDA Reg 636) Dedicated Pesticide Mixing/Loading Pad (Required by MDA Reg 637) Dedicated Pesticide Storage Building (Suggested Best Management Practice) Emergency Response Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice) Post Notice of Pesticide Use on 1 st and 10 th Tees (Suggested Best Management Practice and R ) Drift Management Plan (Suggested Best Management Practice) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Approach and Best Management Practices (BMP)

39 Best Management Practices

40 Pest Triangle

41 Best Management Practices Pest Triangle – Need the presence of a host

42 Best Management Practices Pest Triangle – Need the presence of a host – Need environmental conditions favorable for pest

43 Best Management Practices Pest Triangle – Need the presence of a host – Need environmental conditions favorable for pest – Need a pest

44 Best Management Practices Pest Triangle – Need the presence of a host – Need environmental conditions favorable for pest – Need a pest – Disruption of any of the three legs will mean that a pest outbreak will not occur

45 Golf Course Examples

46 Dew Removal to Control Dollar Spot

47 Golf Course Examples

48 Dew Removal to Control Dollar Spot

49 Golf Course Examples Dew Removal to Control Dollar Spot Lower Toxicity Chemistry

50 NAP Examples Current Control Techniques and Herbicides Used Signage and Record Keeping Reporting

51 Best Management Practices Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience

52 Best Management Practices

53 Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience

54 Best Management Practices Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience Utilize cultural, mechanical, or biological controls

55 Best Management Practices

56 Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience Utilize cultural, mechanical, or biological controls

57 Best Management Practices Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience Utilize cultural, mechanical, or biological controls Employ historically accurate disturbance

58 Best Management Practices

59 Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience Utilize cultural, mechanical, or biological controls Employ historically accurate disturbance

60 Best Management Practices Increasing competitive ability of desirable species and overall system resilience Utilize cultural, mechanical, or biological controls Employ historically accurate disturbance Integrate all possible options of pest control, with chemical alternatives being the last available course of action

61 Herbicide Based Control Techniques

62 Cut stump application ( minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant )

63 Herbicide Based Control Techniques

64 Cut stump application ( minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant )

65 Herbicide Based Control Techniques Cut stump application (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant) Wicking application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to foliage of actively growing plant using wick applicator)

66 Herbicide Based Control Techniques

67 Cut stump application (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant) Wicking application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to foliage of actively growing plant using wick applicator)

68 Herbicide Based Control Techniques Cut stump application (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant) Wicking application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to foliage of actively growing plant using wick applicator) Foliar spray application (minimum amount of herbicide applied at a minimum distance to foliage of actively growing plant using spray bottle or backpack sprayer)

69 Herbicide Based Control Techniques Cut stump application (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant) Wicking application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to foliage of actively growing plant using wick applicator) Foliar spray application (minimum amount of herbicide applied at a minimum distance to foliage of actively growing plant using spray bottle or backpack sprayer) Basal bark application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to bark of woody plant)

70 Herbicide Based Control Techniques Cut stump application (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly to cut stump of woody plant) Wicking application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to foliage of actively growing plant using wick applicator) Foliar spray application (minimum amount of herbicide applied at a minimum distance to foliage of actively growing plant using spray bottle or backpack sprayer) Basal bark application (minimum amount of herbicide applied to bark of woody plant) Drill and Fill (minimum amount of herbicide applied directly into holes drilled at regular intervals at the base of woody plant)

71 Current Herbicides Used

72 Glyphosate based products that minimize inert ingredients (Rodeo, Razor) – Primarily use aquatic formulation and mix with biodegradable surfactant and dye – Use non-aquatic approved only in circumstances were it is most effective control – All labeled as ‘CAUTION’, indicating low toxicity as defined by the EPA

73 Current Herbicides Used Glyphosate based products (Rodeo,Razor) Triclopyr based products (Pathfinder II, Garlon 3A) – Use in basal bark applications and/or when needed for specific broadleaf plant control – Garlon 3A is only herbicide used that carries EPA ‘Danger’ rating, but is approved for aquatic use

74 Current Herbicides Used Glyphosate based products (Rodeo, Razor) Triclopyr based products (Pathfinder II, Garlon 3A) Sethoxydim based products (Sethoxydim E- Pro) – Used as grass specific herbicide, used primarily on traffic islands or landscaped beds – Labeled as ‘Caution’, used sparingly due to potential mobility in soils

75 Signage & Record Keeping

76 Conservation Effort Database

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78 Pesticide Definition A substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate pests, or used as a plant growth regulator. This includes insecticides directed against insects, herbicides directed against weedy plants, fungicides directed against fungi, and antibiotics or bactericides used against bacteria. (R , )

79 Herbicide Use by Technique

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