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Integrated Pest Management Chris Drake, Suffolk Cooperative Extension Intern, Virginia, February 23, 1999 This presentation is from Virginia Tech and.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management Chris Drake, Suffolk Cooperative Extension Intern, Virginia, February 23, 1999 This presentation is from Virginia Tech and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Integrated Pest Management Chris Drake, Suffolk Cooperative Extension Intern, Virginia, February 23, 1999 This presentation is from Virginia Tech and has not been edited by the Georgia Curriculum Office

3 What is your definition of IPM ?  inches per minute  illegal possum murder  important Polish man

4 What does IPM really stand for??

5 INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) VIRGINIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION

6 Objectives To introduce IPM and its components To present possible applications of IPM

7 IPM The judicious use and integration of various pests control tactics.

8 WHY IPM? Resistance Pest resurgence Induced secondary pest outbreaks Potential hazards to wildlife Environmental and groundwater contamination

9 “MANAGE” PESTS RATHER THAN “ELIMINATE” THEM

10 COMPONENTS Monitoring Establishing injury levels Planning for & integrating all controls Evaluating results (record keeping)

11 MONITOR PEST POPULATIONS

12 MONITORING Signs & symptoms Pest life cycles Growing degree days

13 Growing Degree Days Average daily temperature

14 ESTABLISH ACCEPTABLE INJURY LEVEL

15 INJURY LEVELS Aesthetic –Appearance Economic –Plant replacement –Loss of crop

16 PLAN FOR CONTROL

17 CONTROL TACTICS Cultural Physical & Mechanical Natural or biological Chemical

18 CULTURAL CONTROLS Sanitation Healthy pest-free plants Rogue out problem plants Pruning Soil and water management Weed control

19 PHYSICAL & MECHANICAL CONTROLS Hand picking pests Traps Crop isolation Destroy alternate host Barriers, screens, cloths

20 NATURAL CONTROLS

21 Predators Parasites Pest-specific diseases

22 CHEMICAL CONTROLS

23 SIGNAL WORDS CAUTION=SLIGHTLY TOXIC WARNING=MODERATELY TOXIC DANGER=HIGHLY TOXIC

24 EVALUATION Determine program effectiveness –What works? –What doesn’t work? –How much chemical is being used? –Are chemicals being reduced? How should program be adjusted

25 KEEP RECORDS FOR FUTURE USE

26 So What? What does IPM mean to you as a farmer in Southeastern VA??

27 4Peanut Leaf Spot Advisory Reduces Fungicide application Saves millions of dollars Very easy to implement

28 4Development of Fluazinam for fungus control in peanuts Controls sclerotinia blight Less harmful to environment Saves estimated $ 6 million Reduces fungicide use

29 4Frost advisory for peanuts Reduces loss to frost Determines proper time for harvest Keep records for future reference

30 4Scouting for thrips in peanuts and cotton Reduces insecticide use by spraying at threshold levels only Saves $$$

31 4Scouting cotton for worms and growth patterns Saves tremendous time and $$ Reduces harmful pyrethroid sprays Maximize yields

32 Conclusions IPM is the wave of the future in agricultural pest control IPM is easy to implement using common sense and a little planning IPM is especially applicable in the pesticide dependent crops we grow in this area

33 Any Questions ?? Comments??

34 This presentation was developed by: Chris Drake Suffolk Cooperative Extension Intern, Virginia February 23, 1999


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