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Classical Civilizations of the WEST PERSIA

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Civilizations of the WEST PERSIA"— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Civilizations of the WEST PERSIA

2 Extent of Persian Empire – 490 BCE

3 Cyrus the Great – (mid 6 th c. BCE)

4 Short clip about Cyrus the Great from Engineering an Empire (2:54 minutes) XBI XBI

5 Cyrus the Great – (mid 6 th c. BCE) Created the 1 st “largest” empire Tolerant of all religions – smart way to keep “control” Champion of safe trade Freed the Jews from Babylon His reign lasted about 30 years (died at 46) His sons could not retain control 7 years after his death – Darius takes control

6 Persian Empire - Geography Core located in present-day IRAN Capital City at Persepolis Extended from Asia Minor to North Africa (Egypt) across the Middle East to the Indus Valley

7 Persian Empire - Religion Zoroaster created a MONOTHEISTIC religion in which people determine their fate by the choices they make AHURA MAZDA was the only god Concept of heaven & hell

8 Persian Empire - Achievements Royal Road connected all parts of the empire – Used to improve trade – Used for postal system – Used to deploy military (if needed) Magnificent Capital Palaces

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10 Persian Empire - POLITICAL Monarchy – but local rulers allowed to retain positions of power. Empire divided into provinces / states called SATRAPIES and representatives of Cyrus (satraps) would “advise” the local leaders and collect taxes. Relatively peaceful

11 Persian Empire - Economy Extensive trade network used Royal Road with “safe” inns (caravanserai) Standardized Coins Standard weights & measures Effective system of taxes Compare to peace on the Silk Road during the time of the Mongols

12 Persian Empire - Social Because of Religious & Social Tolerance Persian Empire remembered as 1 st empire concerned with “human rights”. Cyrus the Great “released” Jews from captivity when he conquered Babylon.

13 Persian Wars The Greeks and especially the Athenians humiliated the Persians. This led to the rise of the Greek Classical Civilization and the eventual end of the Persian Civilization

14 Persian Wars – Part BCE - Marathon The power of Persia was not questioned. Darius sent army to Greece to “scold” them for helping inhabitants of a Greek colony that had been absorbed into Persian Empire and tried to revolt. (Ionian War) Army of Darius defeated by Athenians at Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE. 26 miles / NIKE / Drop Dead

15 Marathon Dead: 6400 Persians / 196 Athenians

16 Persian Wars – Part BCE – Thermopylae & Salamis Massive army sent to seek revenge (at least 200,000 experienced soldiers) Bridge of ships built across the Dardanelles (about 1 mile) Army “delayed” by King Leonidas and 300 Spartans at Thermopylae. Athens burned. Navy defeated by Athenians at sea battle of Salamis (off coast of Athens)

17 King Leonidas of Sparta

18 Persian Wars – Part 3 Athens Enters its Golden AGE As a result of defeating the Persians Athens takes the position of leadership in Greece. That’s the link to Persia – now let’s go back and talk about Greece.

19 Persian Empire Terms/Names to Remember Cyrus the Great Darius Xerxes Zoroaster Persepolis satraps / satrapies Royal Road


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