Presentation on theme: "Lived in what is not today Southwestern Iran."— Presentation transcript:
1Lived in what is not today Southwestern Iran. People of PersiaLived in what is not today Southwestern Iran.
2Cyrus the GreatManaged to unite the Persians into a powerful kingdom, larger than any yet seen in the world.
3Land Conquered by Persians Northern MesopotamiaAsia MinorSyriaCanaanEgyptWestern IndiaThra ce
4Connecting PersiaMade mile or roads from Asia Minor to Susa (the Persian Capital)
5Persian Government Ruler Darius Divided the empire into 20 provinces called Satrapies.Each province ruled by a SATRAP (protector of the kingdom)SATRAP acted as a tax colector, judge, chief of police, and head recruiter for the Persian Army.
6Soldiers in Persia Paid to be year round soldiers. 10,000 of them who guarded the king.Called immortals because when a member died, he was immediately replaced.
7Persian Religion Zoroastrianism Believed in one God (monotheism) Taught humans had freedom to choose right from wrong.
8Battle of Marathon20,000 Persian soldiers landed on the plain of marathon very close to AthensAthenians only had 10,000 soldiers.Athenians stood on the hill looking at the valley of Persians soldiers.
9Persian Commanders mistake Boarded the horsemen and Calvary first, the strongest part of the Persian armyThe Athenian’s attacked when the foot soldiers were in the water waiting to get in the boat.They were easily defeated.
10Legend of Pheidippides Runner that raced from Marathon to Athens to announce victory. It was nearly 25 miles. He collapsed and his only word was victory. Marathon races were named after this bc they are just over 26 miles.
11Xerxes Darius’s son Launched new invasion Sent 180,000 troops Thousands of war ships
12King Leonidas and Themistocles Leonidas (Spartan Leader)Themistocles (Athens Leader)Joined forcesBlocked the Persians at ThermopylaeTraitor gave a mountain route and Persians attacked from behind.Greeks lost at Thermopylae
13Greek Fleet of Ships Faster, smaller, easier to steer. Attacked the persians at the strait of Salamis.Destroyed almost the entire Persian fleet
14Persians burn Athens Made all Greeks unite Greeks made the Persians retreat to Asia Minor
15Fall of the Persian Empire New Rulers raised taxesKings spent riches on luxuries for royal courtCause anger and rebellion6 of the 9 rulers after Darius were murdered.ALEXANDER THE GREAT invaded the empire, and ruled over all the Persian Empire.