Presentation on theme: "Do Now Identify who were these people below:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Do Now Identify who were these people below: 1.) We were Traders & Sea Raiders in early Greece until the end of our civilization began the Dark Age in Greece. Who were we?2.) “I am what the Greeks developed as they joined together into small groups for protection and stability.” What am I?3.) “I established a new form of government called democracy in Athens.” Who am I?4.) “I am the king of the Greek gods of myth.” Who am I?5.) “I wrote two epic Greek poems, the Iliad & the Odyssey.” Who am I
2 Greece vs. Persia Chapter 9 Section 1 Big Idea: Over time the Persians came to rule a great empire which eventually brought them into conflict with the Greeks.
4 Persia becomes an Empire Persia started out as unorganized nomadic peopleBegan in present day IranCyrus the Great: led a revolt & won independence for PersiaFought against the MedesFrom there he expanded the Empire to the Asia Minor & PakistanPracticed toleration on Conquer people.Built the largest army & empire the world had ever seen.His army was highly organized, in addition: Immortals & CalvaryDarius I: After 4 years of fighting after Cyrus’ death, Darius I took controlHe divided Persia up into provinces run by a governor (Satrap)Built Royal road, mail service, capital Persepolis, Zoroastrianism, & expanded empire to West & East (came in contact with Greeks)
6 The Persians Fight Greece Persia occupied Asia Minor where Greek colonies located499 B.C. Greeks revolted against Persian ruleMany city-states sent aidPersians put down revolt furious for other Greeks helping1st invasion: (Persian Wars)9 years Darius & his army landed on the shores off of MarathonGreeks outnumbered but Won2nd invasion: (led by Xerxes I)Goal: Avenge & conquer all of GreeceBoth Sea & Land attackBattle of Thermopylae (Spartan loss)Battle of Salamis (Greek Naval Win)Battle of Plataea (Greek victory ended War)