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Persian Gulf Countries Global Studies Modern Middle East 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Persian Gulf Countries Global Studies Modern Middle East 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Persian Gulf Countries Global Studies Modern Middle East 2011

2 Persian Gulf Countries

3 The oil-rich countries (excluding Iraq) that have a coastline on the Persian Gulf are referred to as the Persian Gulf States.Iraq Persian Gulf States

4 Oil in the Persian Gulf The Persian Gulf and its coastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil! The Persian Gulf and its coastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil! Safaniya Oil Field, the world's largest offshore oilfield, is located in the Persian Gulf. Safaniya Oil Field, the world's largest offshore oilfield, is located in the Persian Gulf. Safaniya Oil Field oilfield Safaniya Oil Field oilfield

5 Young countries! Independence Dates. Kuwait 1961 Kuwait 1961 Oman 1970 Oman 1970 Bahrain 1971 Bahrain 1971 United Arab Emirates 1971 United Arab Emirates 1971 Qatar 1971 Qatar 1971 Independence Dates

6 Which are Constitutional Monarchies? Kuwait’s National Assembly Building

7 Which governments are Absolute Monarchies? King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia

8 Dubai, UAE

9 Kuwait City

10 Manama, Bahrain

11 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

12 Persian Gulf Wars Iraq- Kuwait War Year War

13 Iran – Iraq War Causes of the war: Border disputes between countries the two countries. Causes of the war: Border disputes between countries the two countries Iranian revolution -Saddam fears revolution will spread to Iraq (Shiite Revolution) 1979 Iranian revolution -Saddam fears revolution will spread to Iraq (Shiite Revolution) Why U.S. supported Iraq (beginning of war) Why U.S. supported Iraq (beginning of war) Iran was enemy of U.S. (after Ayatollah Khomeini overthrows Shah & American embassy taken over) “The enemy of your enemy is my friend” Iran was enemy of U.S. (after Ayatollah Khomeini overthrows Shah & American embassy taken over) “The enemy of your enemy is my friend”

14 Iraq invades Kuwait Saudi Arabia and Kuwait called on U.S. support against Iraq Saudi Arabia and Kuwait called on U.S. support against Iraq George Bush Sr. is US president George Bush Sr. is US president Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army were pushed out of Kuwait; UN and US troops don’t go into Iraq. Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army were pushed out of Kuwait; UN and US troops don’t go into Iraq. War ends in a ceasefire in War ends in a ceasefire in Rumor that US would come in and overthrow Saddam, Shiites and Kurds revolted because they thought the US would help them! Rumor that US would come in and overthrow Saddam, Shiites and Kurds revolted because they thought the US would help them! Saddam responds harshly against attempts of revolt- revolts are unsuccessful. Saddam responds harshly against attempts of revolt- revolts are unsuccessful.


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