Presentation on theme: "Iran-Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War. 2 Iraqi History A. British Mandate B. British Backed Monarchy Post WWII British colony King chosen by England."— Presentation transcript:
Iran-Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War
2 Iraqi History A. British Mandate B. British Backed Monarchy Post WWII British colony King chosen by England C. Dictatorships 1958 Baath Revolution
3 Thinking Slide: How might Iraqi history affect how they view the Americans & their British allies in the current war in Iraq?
4 Baath Party B. What does it do? Secular (non-religious) government Uses oil $ for government projects Hussein begins to eliminate opponents HUSSEIN CARD AS PART OF DECK OF 55 CARDS OF US CHARACTERS WANTED Reuters/CORBIS
5 That all changes with the Iran-Iraq War Iranian Revolution A. Why? Pro-western Shah unpopular because of his alliance w/US & secret police B. How? Religious (Shiite) revolution C. Results Fear in most neighboring Middle Eastern countries, especially majority Shiite Iraq
The World Takes Sides
Iran-Iraq War ( ) 1 ) Key Players? -Iraq & Iran 2) Cause? Immediate- border dispute (oil) 3) Saddam’s Invasion? -Hoped to gain control of rich oil fields on border -“Church & State” argument -Iraq was secular -Iran was Islamic
4) Assumptions? -Saddam believed victory would be easy 5) Cease-Fire? -Attacks on shipping in the Persian Gulf attracted U.S. and U.N. Oil exports were reduced leaving Iraq and Iran struggling economically. Both agreed to a cease-fire in Aug 1988.
Operation Desert Storm
12 Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Why? 1.Iraq’s claimed to the land 2. Claimed Kuwait was stealing oil (“slant drilling”) 3. $ owed to countries Kuwait 4.Hussein thought no one would stop him
Persian Gulf War Claimed Kuwait as part of Iraq Saudi Arabia threaten United Nations – United States and Arab coalition Within days Iraqi forces surrender
14 Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) What happened?? US invades w/full UN backing US bombs Iraqi military & civilian infrastructure We make no attempt to hold Iraqi towns or capture Saddam Hussein
15 Persian Gulf War Pictures
16 Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Results? UN Embargo & Oil for Food Program Peace Terms: Iraq accepts border with Kuwait, surrenders all WMDs, destroys all WMD production capability Iraq can sell oil in exchange for food & medicine
17 Thinking Slide: Do you think a program like the “oil for food” program was a good one given the situation at the time?
Afterwards Saddam is still is power Trade sanctions – Removed only if UN inspectors can visit What do you think UN inspectors were looking for? – Chemical Weapons and WMDs Causes US and British to do air raids
Gulf War Syndrome Joint pain, fatigue, loss of muscle control, headaches Causes? No one really knows – Nerve gas – Oil well fires – Anthrax Vaccine