2Iraqi History A. British Mandate Post WWII British colony B. British Backed MonarchyKing chosen by EnglandC. Dictatorships1958 Baath Revolution
3Thinking Slide:How might Iraqi history affect how they view the Americans & their British allies in the current war in Iraq?
4Baath Party Secular (non-religious) government B. What does it do?Secular (non-religious) governmentUses oil $ for government projectsHussein begins to eliminate opponentsHUSSEIN CARD AS PART OF DECK OF 55 CARDS OF US CHARACTERS WANTED Reuters/CORBIS
5That all changes with the Iran-Iraq War Iranian RevolutionA. Why?Pro-western Shah unpopular because of his alliance w/US & secret policeB. How?Religious (Shiite) revolutionC. ResultsFear in most neighboring Middle Eastern countries, especially majority Shiite Iraq
9Immediate- border dispute (oil) 3) Saddam’s Invasion? Iran-Iraq War ( )1) Key Players?-Iraq & Iran2) Cause?Immediate- border dispute (oil)3) Saddam’s Invasion?-Hoped to gain control of rich oil fields on border-“Church & State” argument-Iraq was secular-Iran was Islamic
104) Assumptions?-Saddam believed victory would be easy5) Cease-Fire?-Attacks on shipping in the Persian Gulf attracted U.S. and U.N. Oil exports were reduced leaving Iraq and Iran struggling economically. Both agreed to a cease-fire in Aug 1988.
16Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Results?UN Embargo & Oil for Food ProgramPeace Terms:Iraq accepts border with Kuwait, surrenders all WMDs, destroys all WMD production capabilityIraq can sell oil in exchange for food & medicine
17Thinking Slide:Do you think a program like the “oil for food” program was a good one given the situation at the time?
18Afterwards Saddam is still is power Trade sanctions Removed only if UN inspectors can visitWhat do you think UN inspectors were looking for?Chemical Weapons and WMDsCauses US and British to do air raids
19Gulf War SyndromeJoint pain, fatigue, loss of muscle control, headachesCauses? No one really knowsNerve gasOil well firesAnthrax Vaccine