Presentation on theme: "Listen to the different plans for peace in Palestine. Which one do you think is best? Tell me the plan and explain why you like it. 1 What will we learn."— Presentation transcript:
Listen to the different plans for peace in Palestine. Which one do you think is best? Tell me the plan and explain why you like it. 1 What will we learn today? Nationalism in the Middle East; the Holocaust’s affect on world opinion for a Jewish state. Unit: Modern World History
Bring your laptop next class! 2 What will we learn today? Nationalism in the Middle East; the Holocaust’s affect on world opinion for a Jewish state.
Assignment: Iraq and the Persian Gulf War
A Brief History of Iran Iran was a major oil supplier and in danger of becoming communist in the 1950s. In 1953, the United States CIA helped stage a coup in Iran replacing their leader with a pro-American, the Shah. Although he helped westernize the country, Iranians hated him and (as a result) hated the United States.
A Brief History of Iran In 1979, Iran overthrew the Shah and replaced him with the anti-American Ayatollah Khomeini. Since our coup in 1953, Iran has great dislike for the US. This continues today with their current leader,
A Brief History of Iran Since the US coup in 1953, Iran has great dislike for the US. This continues today with their current leader, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Iraq The Presidents – George Bush
US Supports Iraq Iraq fought an eight year war with Iran in the 1980’s During the war, the US supported Saddam Hussein due to our new problems with Iran.
Before the War Iraq’s War with Iran had really hurt the country economically. Saddam Hussein hoped to financially recover through oil sales.
Persian Gulf War America’s First Mission In Iraq
The Spark Saddam Hussein called on Kuwait to cut back on oil production to raise petroleum prices When they refused, he responded by invading Kuwait, attempting to take their oil.
The Implications If successful, Saddam Hussein would dominate the world’s petroleum market This control over oil prices could command the world’s economies
The Implications In addition to economic concerns, President George H.W. Bush stressed the moral opposition to appeasing to an aggressor after The Cold War
International Response The United States a coalition of 34 nations to confront the Iraqis Coalition forces began building up in Saudi Arabia to prevent an Iraqi move into the Arabian Peninsula
The Air Battle Air raids began on January 17, 1991 Over 100,000 attack flights launched from Saudi Arabia and six aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf Air strikes dismantled major military, government, and infrastructure targets
The Ground Battle On February 24th, Coalition ground forces began their advance Within 100 hours of entering, a cease- fire had been declared on February 27th
Persian Gulf War (aka Desert Storm) No TV cameras for this war. Great success for USA; Finally! A popular war the American people could get behind
The Aftermath The Coalition stopped short of continuing to Baghdad and ousting Hussein’s government. The human and long range cost of taking out Saddam was considered too great to American leaders at the time.
The Aftermath The treaty created flight restrictions to protect minority populations from the Iraqi military American and British Air Forces patrolled northern and southern Iraq known for Kurdish & Shia Muslim settlements
Other Attacks Iraq refused to cooperate after the war, requiring other interventions in the ‘90s In 1998, the United States and Britain bombed Baghdad for four days when Iraq would not cooperate with UN inspections. The attacks aimed to to degrade Iraq’s ability to create weapons
Summary The United States has a prior history with Iraq which has a direct link to our current war In previous military operations, our military has stopped short of conquering the country in fear of the aftermath Iraq never fully recovered from the war, but continued to resist cooperation with the United Nations