2Middle East Quick QuizHow much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions1) Who created most of the borders and countries of the Middle East?a. France and Englandb. Jordan and Syriac. Saudi Arabiad. The United Nationse. The United States
3Middle East Quick QuizHow much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions2) What language is spoken in Iran?3) When did it become illegal for women in Iran to go without wearing a veil? (with 5 years)
4Middle East Quick QuizHow much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions4) What is the most populous Islamic country in the world?a. Egyptb. Indonesiac. Irand. Saudi Arabia
5Middle East Quick QuizHow much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions5) Which of following is Iraq?DCAB
6Middle East Quick QuizHow much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questionsAnswers!!1. A2. Farsi4. B (196 million people)5. C
11Thinking Slide:How might Iraqi history affect how they view the Americans & their British allies in the current war in Iraq?
12Baath Party B. What does it do? Secular (non-religious) government Uses oil $ for government projectsHussein begins to eliminate opponentsHUSSEIN CARD AS PART OF DECK OF 55 CARDS OF US CHARACTERS WANTED Reuters/CORBIS
13That all changes with the Iran-Iraq War Iranian RevolutionA. Why?Pro-western Shah unpopular because of his alliance w/US & secret policeB. How?Religious (Shiite) revolutionC. ResultsFear in most neighboring Middle Eastern countries, especially majority Shiite Iraq
14Iran-Iraq War A. Iraq’s Goals: Remove Iran’s leaders, gain oil-land, & make Hussein a hero to neighborsB. How?Long brutal war, including use of chemical weapons on both sidesUN creates a peace dealC. ResultsIraq left with big war debt
15Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Why?1.Iraq’s claimed to the land2. Claimed Kuwait was stealing oil (“slant drilling”)3. $ owed to countries Kuwait4.Hussein thought no one would stop him
19Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Results?UN Embargo & Oil for Food ProgramPeace Terms:Iraq accepts border with Kuwait, surrenders all WMDs, destroys all WMD production capabilityIraq can sell oil in exchange for food & medicine
20Thinking Slide:Do you think a program like the “oil for food” program was a good one given the situation at the time?
21Second Iraq WarBush Doctrine: US can attack them before they attack usWhy?:Bush argues Iraq is a threat because of WMDsHow? First US pushes for tighter inspections, then invades claiming Hussein was not cooperating
22Thinking Slide:Do you think that the Bush Doctrine will have be used as much by later presidents as others like the:Monroe Doctrine: Told Europe to keep its hands off the Americas Truman Doctrine: US pledges to support free peoples across the world against communism