Presentation on theme: "Intro Iraq & the Persian Gulf War World Geography Victory Parade for Operation Desert Storm Military personnel carry a huge American flag through New York."— Presentation transcript:
2 Middle East Quick Quiz How much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions 1)Who created most of the borders and countries of the Middle East? a.France and England b.Jordan and Syria c.Saudi Arabia d.The United Nations e. The United States
3 Middle East Quick Quiz How much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions 2) What language is spoken in Iran? 3) When did it become illegal for women in Iran to go without wearing a veil? (with 5 years)
4 Middle East Quick Quiz How much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions 4) What is the most populous Islamic country in the world? a.Egypt b.Indonesia c.Iran d. Saudi Arabia
5 Middle East Quick Quiz How much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions 5) Which of following is Iraq? A B C D
6 Middle East Quick Quiz How much do you know about the middle east? 5 quiz questions Answers!! 1. A 2. Farsi B (196 million people) 5. C
7 Iraq Basics Where?
8 Iraq Basics Who? Ethnic Groups A. Arab B. Kurd 2/3 of Iraq 1/4 of Iraq Own language & customs Kurds Brutally suppressed in Iraq
9 Iraq Basics Who? Religion A. Shiite B. Sunni 3/5 of the population 2/5th of population 90% of world’s Muslims Kurds C. Main differences: Who should lead the Muslim community?
11 Thinking Slide: How might Iraqi history affect how they view the Americans & their British allies in the current war in Iraq?
12 Baath Party B. What does it do? Secular (non-religious) government Uses oil $ for government projects Hussein begins to eliminate opponents HUSSEIN CARD AS PART OF DECK OF 55 CARDS OF US CHARACTERS WANTED Reuters/CORBIS
13 That all changes with the Iran-Iraq War Iranian Revolution A. Why? Pro-western Shah unpopular because of his alliance w/US & secret police B. How? Religious (Shiite) revolution C. Results Fear in most neighboring Middle Eastern countries, especially majority Shiite Iraq
14 Iran-Iraq War A. Iraq’s Goals: Remove Iran’s leaders, gain oil-land, & make Hussein a hero to neighbors B. How? Long brutal war, including use of chemical weapons on both sides UN creates a peace deal C. Results Iraq left with big war debt
15 Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Why? 1.Iraq’s claimed to the land 2. Claimed Kuwait was stealing oil (“slant drilling”) 3. $ owed to countries Kuwait 4.Hussein thought no one would stop him
19 Persian Gulf War (the 1st one!) Results? UN Embargo & Oil for Food Program Peace Terms: Iraq accepts border with Kuwait, surrenders all WMDs, destroys all WMD production capability Iraq can sell oil in exchange for food & medicine
20 Thinking Slide: Do you think a program like the “oil for food” program was a good one given the situation at the time?
21 Second Iraq War Bush Doctrine: US can attack them before they attack us Why?:Bush argues Iraq is a threat because of WMDs How? First US pushes for tighter inspections, then invades claiming Hussein was not cooperating
22 Thinking Slide: Do you think that the Bush Doctrine will have be used as much by later presidents as others like the: Monroe Doctrine: Told Europe to keep its hands off the Americas Truman Doctrine: US pledges to support free peoples across the world against communism