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Iraq-Desert, Oil and Saddam Hussein. Iraq Arabic people – 75% of population 60% - Shi’ite Muslim Sunni Muslim Arabs – governed country for most of last.

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Presentation on theme: "Iraq-Desert, Oil and Saddam Hussein. Iraq Arabic people – 75% of population 60% - Shi’ite Muslim Sunni Muslim Arabs – governed country for most of last."— Presentation transcript:

1 Iraq-Desert, Oil and Saddam Hussein

2 Iraq Arabic people – 75% of population 60% - Shi’ite Muslim Sunni Muslim Arabs – governed country for most of last 100 years (even though they are minority) Kurds – also Sunni Muslims – 3 rd largest group Oil industry – most important. 2 nd largest oil reserves in the world 3 major wars and many rebellions

3 Saddam Hussein Leader of Baath Party that ruled Iraq from Didn’t like the western world/America After he took power – got rid of many of his rivals Dictator Led Iraq into war with Iran

4 Iran/Iraq War Lasted 8 years Very expensive After the end of this war – Kurdish tribes began an uprising. Iraq used poisonous gas against Kurds 1990 – Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait – set off the Persian Gulf War

5 Persian Gulf War Iraq in debt to Kuwait and Jordan Iraq-Iran war ends 1988 Saddam felt like Kuwait should forgive massive loans made to Iraq Kuwait didn’t!!! Demanded repayment Kuwait 5 th largest produce of oil in the world – though small it was very rich. SADDAM WAS FURIOUS!! Saddam Hussein – president 10 years and most of time had been in war with Iran

6 Saddam’s Accusations Accused Kuwait of 1. flooding market with too much oil – decreasing the price – thus costing Iraq millions 2. ‘slant drilling’ – sticking long pipes under Iraqi border and stealing his oil Demanded $27 million from Kuwait!!! They refused to pay – he decided to invade!!

7 Invasion Iraq had 4 th largest army in the world Well equipped with military hardware by US and Soviet Union from war with Iran Kuwait conquered in a matter of days

8 Shocked!! Other countries thought they were next Saudi Arabia – world’s largest oil producer and very wealthy country US – afraid Iraq would cut off their source of oil, driving up the price Would have destroyed economies of these countries

9 United Nations Gets Involved Security Council spoke out against the invasion Told Iraq to withdraw George H. Bush – sent first American troops and warplanes to Persian Gulf Became known as Operation Desert Shield

10 Saddam Hussein defied the order of the UN January 16, 1991 – US and others launched a massive air strike on Iraqi military targets Started Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)

11 OVER QUICKLY! Short war – 42 days but very deadly Thousands of lives lost and Kuwait was left in ruins Iraqis left but Saddam Hussein stayed in power there for another 12 years


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