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Ecclesiastical Breakdown Avignon Papacy Babylonian Captivity Great Schism Conciliar Theory Alex Hatcher Sam Lombard Amal Cheema.

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Presentation on theme: "Ecclesiastical Breakdown Avignon Papacy Babylonian Captivity Great Schism Conciliar Theory Alex Hatcher Sam Lombard Amal Cheema."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ecclesiastical Breakdown Avignon Papacy Babylonian Captivity Great Schism Conciliar Theory Alex Hatcher Sam Lombard Amal Cheema

2 Avignon Papacy Causes CAUSES: Political/Military o Royal Challenge to Papacy  Boniface Versus Philip the Fair  Focus: taxes on clergy  Reaction: Philip stops all money from France to Rome Boniface concedes and canonizes  Unam Sanctum Boniface tries to assert papal authority over Philip o Uh oh! Philip beats up Boniface with an army o Benedict and Clement VI are in subservience o Rome in Rebellion  Italian Families repudiate Spiritual Franciscans accuses papacy of: o heresy, simony, murder of Celestine

3 Causes Economic/Social o Papacy is now secular power  loss of spiritual power for secular  subject to monarchs for money Cultural/Intellectual o Papacy is in unfavorable position  materialistic  Rome's interest and not local

4 What was the Avignon Papacy? Creation of Avignon Papacy Clement V moved to Avignon (pope's land) o independence from Philip's presure o escape Rome ridden with strife Not really under French influence o ECONOMIC: expand papal taxes  indulgences and expansion on salvation doctrines Cultural implication: materialism and political scheming Pope John XXI o when he tries to return to italy  He challenges Emperor Louis XI SO, Marsilius and Ockham create Defender of Peace Papacy is opposed!

5 Effects of Avignon! Effects Political o England  restricts payments to Papacy o France  Gallican liberties regulates papacy...French Church gains power o German and Swiss  reduce Papacy's power Social o Rise of Hussites and Lollards Cultural o Hussites of Bohemia win significant religious reforms from Council of Basel after John Huss is excommunicated o start of Protestant Reformation

6 Great Schism Babylonian Captivity o The Church in Avignon o Pope Greg XI reestablishes Pope in Rome What is to happen.... GREAT SCHISM Political Cause o Succeeding Urban VI wants to reform the Curia  The (majority) French cardinals do not like that idea- support return to Avignon Charles V wants papacy to stay within French influence  BACK TO AVIGNON WE GO! Then to fix it, the Conciliar Theory is considered- people want representative council to have power to regulate actions of the Pope- believed that Pope was only one part of the Church and that the council had more power than the Pope alone

7 Wait, what? Great Schism Pope Clement VII (cousin of French King) is elected o TWO POPES?????  England, HRE, Hungary, Bohemia, and Poland for Urban  France, Aragon, Castile, Scotland for Clement  -_- scandalous! What to do....? o Mutual cession or reign one  Obviously, we have to make a council to depose both! Effect o RISE OF CONCILIAR THEORY  proposed the Pope was a tiny part, the Church should be dominated by the faithful

8 Conciliar Theory What it meant! o Pope was to maintain unity. Obviously not being done o Pope is just a small part of the body of the Christians o Council of the Church has more power than the pope Phases o Council of Pisa  disposed both Popes  elected Alexander V accepted by most, but there are THREE POPES! Woah... o Council Of Constance  Pope Martin V is elected. Ends Great Schism  deposed and accepted resignation of the three other Popes o Council of Basel  negotiates with Hussites  Eastern Church rejoined Papacy, ending Conciliar Movement and restored Papacy

9 Effect of Conciliar Effect of Conciliar Movement Social o A leader of an institution must provide for his people Religious o Delegates religious responsibility to laity and secular govts  Secular institutions now had to keep the Church in check Political o Papal states can now be opposed for national and religious papacy

10 What you just learned Avignon Papacy, known as the Babylonian Captivity o allowed for secular rulers to gain power of the Church When the Avignon Papacy resolved o there was little spiritual power o The Great Schism was a show that the papacy could be politically divided The Great Schism was resolved by the Conciliar Theory o Hussites and Lollards were challenges to the Church o In the Faith: Since when did God have two representatives on Earth?  Pope's word is no longer law! o the Council of Basel gave religious responsible to the lay and secular So this was all important because o The Church lost power- Protestant Reformation and Crack in Medieval Mind (remember Manchester!) o Humanism! o Absolutism


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