1 CHAPTER 9 Exploded Boundaries 1815 – 1828 “The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their land and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and, in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress. . .”
2 "I know of no country in which there is so little independence of mind and real freedom of discussionas in America." Alexis De Tocqueville [1830s]
3 BibliographyAlbert Fishlow, American Railroads and the Transformation of the Ante-Bellum Economy (1965)Robert Fogel, Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History (1964)Oscar and Mary Handlin, Commonwealth: A Study of the Role of Government in the American Economy (1947)Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Source of American Freedom (1981)Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., The Age of Jackson (1945)
6 Andrew JacksonThis 1845 painting captures the heroic, forceful side of Andrew Jackson that made him so appealing to many voters.
7 Erie CanalIn the days before railroads, canals were seen as the best way to move both people and goods into the interior. Here, workers excavate a lock designed to raise and lower canal boats in Lockport, New York, between 1817 and 1825.
9 Chapter ReviewExplain the development of a national economy through financial and transportation developments.Briefly describe the rise in popularity of Andrew Jackson.Describe the growth of the plantation South and its increased reliance on cotton.Briefly explain the implications of the Missouri Compromise for both white and black Americans.Explain the changes that took place in American politics during the 1820s.
10 Identifications James Monroe Henry Clay’s American System national bank, internal improvements, protective tariffsJohn C. Calhoun, Daniel WebsterChief Justice [Federalist] John MarshallCases: Dartmouth, Ogden, McCulloughNational RoadErie CanalMissouri CompromiseDenmark VeseyMonroe DoctrineBank War, Trail of Tears [next chapter]
11 I. New Borders Whites continue to encroach on Native American lands Forts are built in all frontier areasCherokees and other tribes adopt “civilized” ways but are still repulsedAndrew Jackson achieves hero status battling Indians in FloridaFederal government works to build communication and transportation networks
13 II. Building a National Economy Cotton production brings tremendous growth to South, in large part due to slave laborNorthwest becomes fastest growing areaNortheast becomes manufacturing and industrial center of United StatesThe American System included internal improvements, protective tariffs, and a national bank
19 IV. Consequences of Expansion British competition causes economic downturn in 1819, but Madison is re-electedQuestion of statehood for Missouri brings on crisis in 1820South Carolina reels from attempted revolt led by Denmark VeseyMonroe Doctrine enunciates America’s stand on foreign policy that holds until twentieth century
21 V. The Reinvention of Politics Lafayette’s return to United States encourages Americans about their futureThe 1824 presidential election shows unconcern of many AmericansJohn Quincy Adams is elected but does little as presidentPolitics seems filled with conspiraciesDemocratic party emerges to help Andrew Jackson win 1828 election