Current president: James Madison (1809-1817) Democratic-Republican Virginia
Impact of the Industrial Revolution What is it? Social & Economic reorganization which took place as machines replaced hand tools and large scale factory production developed. Effects on the NorthEffects on the South IndustrializesCotton is King Boom of textiles and factory mills Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin Farm only what is needed no real need for slavery Slavery population increases
The Push for Internal Improvements Why the need for change? Causes of Industrial Revolution British Blockade Embargo Act 1807 Increase in Self Reliance Increase in Factories / Industrial Revolution
Original plan proposed by Madison Promoted by Clay & Calhoun Had 3 main Points Development transportation systems Development transportation systems Establish protective tariffs Establish protective tariffs Resurrect National Bank Resurrect National Bank
National Road Maryland to Illinois Maryland to Illinois Constructed began in Constructed began in1811 Eventually became Eventually became Transcontinental Highway Erie Canal Essentially connected Essentially connected Atlantic Ocean to Great Atlantic Ocean to Great Lakes Lakes Paid off in 12 years! Paid off in 12 years!
Americans producing more goods due to: Embargo Act & War of 1812 Why? Foreign Goods being sold at a cheaper price! Therefore, Tariff of 1816 Tax on all foreign goods Promotes the sale of American goods Popular in North; South needs convincing Why?
Weakened under Jefferson: Why? Creation of 2 nd Bank of the Unites States (BUS) Make currency excepted nationwide
James Monroe 1817-1825 Democratic – Republic Virginia
Nationalism Belief that national interest should be placed before regional concerns or interests Supreme Court Hands down rulings in favor of Federal government Hands down rulings in favor of Federal government Strengthens federal government Strengthens federal government John Marshall John Marshall Chief Justice of Supreme Court Department of State Develops a Foreign policy advocating nationalism Develops a Foreign policy advocating nationalism
Supreme Court’s Role Ogden v. Gibbons Dispute over use of steamboat service between NY & NJ Federal government has authority over interstate activities (commerce, travel, tv, etc) McCulloch v. Maryland Maryland taxed branch of BUS Did not want the states to be “over-turning laws made by congress”
Dept. of State’s Role John Q. Adams Sec. of State Sec. of State PolicyEffect Rush-Bagot treaty (1817) US & GB demilitarized common border Convention of 1818 Border at the 49th parallel up to the Rocky Mts. Adams-Onis Treaty Spain ceded Florida
Monroe Doctrine Cause: Spain & Portugal looking to regain lost colonies Russia looking to expand influence Effect: Monroe issues statement to world via address to Congress Any action by outside powers would be consider “dangerous to our peace and safety”.
Sectionalism Placing the interests of one’s own region ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole
Missouri Compromise - 1820 As of 1818, Union had 10 free & 10 slave states South wanted Missouri admitted as slave to preserve balance of power in congress Henry Clay proposed compromise Division at 36’30 1.Everything North Shall be admitted as free state 2.Everything South Shall be slave state 3.Missouri shall be admitted as slave state